a device for damping sudden and rapid motion, as the recoil of a spring-mounted object from shock.
Origin of shock absorber
First recorded in 1905–10
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
any device designed to absorb mechanical shock, esp one fitted to a motor vehicle to damp the recoil of the suspension springs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012