[ sheyk ]
/ ʃeɪk /
verb (used without object), shook, shak·en, shak·ing.
to move or sway with short, quick, irregular vibratory movements.
to tremble with emotion, cold, etc.
to become dislodged and fall (usually followed by off or down): Sand shakes off easily.
to move something, or its support or container, briskly to and fro or up and down, as in mixing: Shake before using.
to totter; become unsteady.
to clasp another's hand in greeting, agreement, congratulations, etc.: Let's shake and be friends again.
Music. to execute a trill.
verb (used with object), shook, shak·en, shak·ing.
to move (something or its support or container) to and fro or up and down with short, quick, forcible movements: to shake a bottle of milk.
to brandish or flourish: to shake a stick at someone.
to grasp (someone or something) firmly in an attempt to move or rouse by, or as by, vigorous movement to and fro: We shook the tree.
to dislodge or dispense (something) by short, quick, forcible movements of its support or container: We shook nuts from the tree.
to cause to sway, rock, totter, etc.: to shake the very foundations of society.
to agitate or disturb profoundly in feeling: The experience shook him badly.
to cause to doubt or waver; weaken. to shake one's self-esteem.
Music. to trill (a note).
to mix (dice) by rolling in the palm of the hand before they are cast.
to get rid of; elude: They tried to shake their pursuers.
an act or instance of shaking, rocking, swaying, etc.
shakes, (used with a singular verb) Informal. a state or spell of trembling, as caused by fear, fever, cold, etc. (usually preceded by the).
a disturbing blow; shock.
Informal. milk shake.
the act or a manner of clasping another's hand in greeting, agreement, etc.: He has a strong shake.
Informal. chance or fate; deal: a fair shake.
a cast of the dice: He threw an eight on his last shake.
something resulting from shaking.
a fissure in the earth.
an internal crack or fissure in timber.
Music. trill1(def 9).
an instant: I'll be with you in a shake.
Carpentry. a shingle or clapboard formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections with a hatchet.
Horology. (in an escapement) the distance between the nearer corner of one pallet and the nearest tooth of the escape wheel when the other pallet arrests an escape tooth.
Chiefly South Midland U.S. shaker(def 2).
a dance deriving from the twist.
Slang. the dried leaves of the marijuana plant.
- to cause to descend by shaking; bring down.
- to cause to settle.
- to condition; test: to shake down a ship.
- Informal. to extort money from.
- Slang. to search (someone), especially to detect concealed weapons.
- to rid oneself of; reject.
- to get away from; leave behind.
- Baseball, Softball. (of a pitcher) to indicate rejection of (a sign by the catcher for a certain pitch) by shaking the head or motioning with the glove.
- to shake in order to mix or loosen.
- to upset; jar.
- to agitate mentally or physically: The threat of attack has shaken up the entire country.
QUIZ TIME: TEST YOUR MEMORY OF THE MAY 2020 WORDS OF THE DAY
Let the aeolian gusts transport you back to these popular Words of the Day from the month of May. How many do you remember?
Question 1 of 10
Which of the following words means “to travel or journey, especially to walk on foot”?
Idioms for shake
- to hurry up; get a move on: You'd better shake a leg or we'll miss the first act.
- to dance.
no great shakes, Informal. of no particular ability; unimportant; common: As opera companies go, this one is no great shakes.
shake a leg, Informal.
- to indicate disapproval, disagreement, negation, or uncertainty by turning one's head from one side to the other and back: I asked him if he knew the answer, but he just shook his head.
- to indicate approval, agreement, affirmation or acceptance by nodding one's head up and down.
shake hands. hand(def 79).
shake one's head,
shake the dust from one's feet. dust(def 26).
two shakes (of a lamb's tail), a very short time; a moment.
Origin of shake
before 900; (v.) Middle English s(c)haken, Old English sceacan; cognate with Low German schacken, Old Norse skaka; (noun) derivative of the v.
SYNONYMS FOR shake
1 oscillate, waver. Shake, quiver, tremble, vibrate refer to an agitated movement that, in living things, is often involuntary. To shake is to agitate more or less quickly, abruptly, and often unevenly so as to disturb the poise, stability, or equilibrium of a person or thing: a pole shaking under his weight. To quiver is to exhibit a slight vibratory motion such as that resulting from disturbed or irregular (surface) tension: The surface of the pool quivered in the breeze. To tremble (used more often of a person) is to be agitated by intermittent, involuntary movements of the muscles, much like shivering and caused by fear, cold, weakness, great emotion, etc.: Even stout hearts tremble with dismay. To vibrate is to exhibit a rapid, rhythmical motion: A violin string vibrates when a bow is drawn across it.
2 shudder, shiver.
OTHER WORDS FROM shake
shak·a·ble, shake·a·ble, adjectivere·shake, verb, re·shook, re·shak·en, re·shak·ing.un·shak·a·ble, adjectiveun·shak·a·ble·ly, adverb
un·shake·a·ble, adjectiveun·shake·a·ble·ly, adverbun·sha·ken, adjectivewell-shak·en, adjective
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH shakeshake sheik (see synonym study at the current entry)
Words nearby shake
Definition for shook up (2 of 2)
[ shoo k ]
/ ʃʊk /
Also shook up. Slang. strongly affected by an event, circumstance, etc.; emotionally unsettled: She was so shook she couldn't speak.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for shook up (1 of 3)
/ (ʃʊk) /
(in timber working) a set of parts ready for assembly, esp of a barrel
a group of sheaves piled together on end; shock
Word Origin for shook
C18: of unknown origin
British Dictionary definitions for shook up (2 of 3)
/ (ʃʊk) /
the past tense of shake
Australian and NZ informal keen on; enthusiastic about
British Dictionary definitions for shook up (3 of 3)
/ (ʃeɪk) /
verb shakes, shaking, shook or shaken (ˈʃeɪkən)
to move or cause to move up and down or back and forth with short quick movements; vibrate
to sway or totter or cause to sway or totter
to clasp or grasp (the hand) of (a person) in greeting, agreement, etche shook John by the hand; he shook John's hand; they shook and were friends
shake hands to clasp hands in greeting, agreement, etc
shake on it informal to shake hands in agreement, reconciliation, etc
to bring or come to a specified condition by or as if by shakinghe shook free and ran
(tr) to wave or brandishhe shook his sword
(tr often foll by up) to rouse, stir, or agitate
(tr) to shock, disturb, or upsethe was shaken by the news of her death
(tr) to undermine or weakenthe crisis shook his faith
to mix (dice) by rattling in a cup or the hand before throwing
(tr) Australian archaic, slang to steal
(tr) US and Canadian informal to escape fromcan you shake that detective?
music to perform a trill on (a note)
(tr) US informal to fare or progress; happen as specifiedhow's it shaking?
shake a leg informal to hurry: usually used in the imperative
shake in one's shoes to tremble with fear or apprehension
shake one's head to indicate disagreement or disapproval by moving the head from side to side
shake the dust from one's feet to depart gladly or with the intention not to return
the act or an instance of shaking
a tremor or vibration
the shakes informal a state of uncontrollable trembling or a condition that causes it, such as a fever
informal a very short period of time; jiffyin half a shake
a shingle or clapboard made from a short log by splitting it radially
a fissure or crack in timber or rock
an instance of shaking dice before casting
music another word for trill 1 (def. 1)
a dance, popular in the 1960s, in which the body is shaken convulsively in time to the beat
an informal name for earthquake
short for milk shake
no great shakes informal of no great merit or value; ordinary
Derived forms of shakeshakable or shakeable, adjective
Word Origin for shake
Old English sceacan; related to Old Norse skaka to shake, Old High German untscachōn to be driven
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with shook up (1 of 2)
see all shook up.
Idioms and Phrases with shook up (2 of 2)
In addition to the idioms beginning with shake
- shake a leg
- shake a stick at
- shake down
- shake hands
- shake in one's boots
- shake off
- shake one's head
- shake someone's tree
- shake the dust from one's feet
- shake up
- shake with laughter
- all shook (shaken) up
- fair shake
- in two shakes
- more than one can shake a stick at
- movers and shakers
- no great shakes
- quake (shake) in one's boots
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.