- the end surface or surfaces of a piece from which a tenon or tenons project.
- an inclined and raised surface, as on a joggle post, for receiving and supporting the foot of a strut or the like.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
- to place a rifle muzzle upward on the right or left shoulder, with the buttstock in the corresponding hand.
- the command to shoulder arms.
Origin of shoulder
Synonyms for shoulder
- to treat someone in a cold manner; snub
- to ignore or shun someone
- side by side or close together
- in a corporate effort
Word Origin for shoulder
Old English sculdor "shoulder," from West Germanic *skuldro (cf. Middle Dutch scouder, Dutch schouder, Old Frisian skoldere, Middle Low German scholder, Old High German scultra, German Schulter), of unknown origin, perhaps related to shield (n.). Meaning "edge of the road" is attested from 1933. Cold shoulder (Neh. ix:29) translates Latin humerum recedentum dare in Vulgate (but see cold shoulder). Shoulder-length, of hair, is from 1951.
c.1300, "to push with the shoulder," from shoulder (n.). Meaning "take a burden" first recorded 1580s. The military sense is from 1590s. Related: Shouldered; shouldering.
shoulder to shoulder
In close proximity or cooperation, as in The volunteers worked shoulder to shoulder in the effort to rescue the miners. This expression originated in the late 1500s in the military, at first signifying troops in close formation. Its figurative use dates from the late 1800s.
In addition to the idiom beginning with shoulder
- shoulder to shoulder
- broad shoulders
- chip on one's shoulder
- cold shoulder
- cry on someone's shoulder
- good head on one's shoulders
- head and shoulders above
- on one's shoulders
- put one's shoulder to the wheel
- rub elbows (shoulders) with
- shrug one's shoulders
- square one's shoulders
- straight from the shoulder
- weight of the world on one's shoulders