- 2nd person singular past of shall.
- plan to, intend to, or expect to: I shall go later.
- will have to, is determined to, or definitely will: You shall do it. He shall do it.
- (in laws, directives, etc.) must; is or are obliged to: The meetings of the council shall be public.
- (used interrogatively in questions, often in invitations): Shall we go?
Origin of shall
Examples from the Web for shouldst
Historical Examples of shouldst
Why shouldst thou lay on me the name of coward, who am yet but a child?Told by the Northmen:
E. M. [Ethel Mary] Wilmot-Buxton
“Shouldst have liked to wed,” said Blanche, plunging into the matter.Clare Avery
Emily Sarah Holt
Why shouldst thou pine When all great Latmos so exalt will be?Endymion
Thou wast born a slave, Nola, and shouldst know how to obey."Unto Caesar"
Baroness Emmuska Orczy
Phyllis, how shouldst thou like to go forth to serve a lady?The White Lady of Hazelwood
Emily Sarah Holt
- archaic, or dialect (used with the pronoun thou or its relative equivalent) a form of the past tense of shall
- (esp with I or we as subject) used as an auxiliary to make the future tensewe shall see you tomorrow Compare will 1 (def. 1)
- (with you, he, she, it, they, or a noun as subject)
- used as an auxiliary to indicate determination on the part of the speaker, as in issuing a threatyou shall pay for this!
- used as an auxiliary to indicate compulsion, now esp in official documentsthe Tenant shall return the keys to the Landlord
- used as an auxiliary to indicate certainty or inevitabilityour day shall come
- (with any noun or pronoun as subject, esp in conditional clauses or clauses expressing doubt) used as an auxiliary to indicate nonspecific futurityI don't think I shall ever see her again; he doubts whether he shall be in tomorrow
Word Origin for shall
Old English sceal, Northumbrian scule "I owe/he owes, will have to, ought to, must" (infinitive sculan, past tense sceolde), a common Germanic preterite-present verb (along with can, may, will), from Proto-Germanic *skal- (cf. Old Saxon sculan, Old Frisian skil, Old Norse and Swedish skola, Middle Dutch sullen, Old High German solan, German sollen, Gothic skulan "to owe, be under obligation;" related via past tense form to Old English scyld "guilt," German Schuld "guilt, debt;" also Old Norse Skuld, name of one of the Norns), from PIE root *skel- (2) "to be under an obligation."
Ground sense of the Germanic word probably is "I owe," hence "I ought." The sense shifted in Middle English from a notion of "obligation" to include "futurity." Its past tense form has become should (q.v.). Cognates outside Germanic are Lithuanian skeleti "to be guilty," skilti "to get into debt;" Old Prussian skallisnan "duty," skellants "guilty."