[ shuht ]
/ ʃʌt /
verb (used with object), shut, shut·ting.
to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct.
to close the doors of (often followed by up): to shut up a shop for the night.
to close (something) by bringing together or folding its parts: Shut your book. Shut the window!
to confine; enclose: to shut a bird into a cage.
to bar; exclude: They shut him from their circle.
to cause (a factory, school, etc.) to end or suspend operations, services, or business activity: He shut his store, sold his house, and moved away. We're shutting the office for two weeks in June.
to bolt; bar.
verb (used without object), shut, shut·ting.
to become shut or closed; close.
closed; fastened up: a shut door.
Phonetics. checked(def 2).
the act or time of shutting or closing.
the line where two pieces of welded metal are united.
- to close, especially temporarily; end or suspend operations, services, or business activity.
- to stop operating or stop the operation of (a machine): Did you remember to shut down your computer?
- Also shut down on/upon.Informal. to hinder; check; stop from doing or saying something: He appeared on the talk show to shut down his critics.
- Informal. to defeat or outdo:The team was able to shut down the offense.
- to settle over so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.
- to enclose.
- to confine, as from illness: She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.
shut of, Informal. free of; rid of: He wished he were shut of all his debts.
- to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.
- to isolate; separate: an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.
- to keep from entering; exclude.
- to hide from view.
- to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.
- to imprison; confine.
- to close entirely.
- to stop talking; become silent: I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.
- to stop (someone) from talking; silence.
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Origin of shut
before 1000; Middle English s(c)hutten, s(c)hetten, s(c)hitten Old English scyttan “to bolt (a door)”; akin to shoot1
Related formshalf-shut, adjectivere·shut, verb, re·shut, re·shut·ting.un·shut, adjective
1. See close.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for shut down
/ (ʃʌt) /
verb shuts, shutting or shut
to move (something) so as to cover an aperture; closeto shut a door
to close (something) by bringing together the partsto shut a book
(tr often foll by up) to close or lock the doors ofto shut up a house
(tr; foll by in, out, etc) to confine, enclose, or excludeto shut a child in a room
(tr) to prevent (a business, etc) from operating
shut one's eyes to to ignore deliberately
shut the door on
- to refuse to think about
- to render impossible
closed or fastened
the act or time of shutting
the line along which pieces of metal are welded
get shut of or get shot of slang to get rid of
Word Origin for shut
Old English scyttan; related to Old Frisian sketta to shut in, Middle Dutch schutten to obstruct
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with shut down (1 of 2)
See close down, def. 1.
Stop or switch off machinery, as in They shut down all the machines for one week a year. [Late 1800s]
Idioms and Phrases with shut down (2 of 2)
In addition to the idioms beginning with shut
- shut down
- shut off
- shut one's eyes to
- shut out
- shut the door
- shut up
- close (shut) down
- close (shut) one's eyes to
- close (shut) the door on
- keep one's mouth shut
- open and shut case
- put up or shut up
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.