verb (used with object), shut, shut·ting.
verb (used without object), shut, shut·ting.
- to close, especially temporarily; end or suspend operations, services, or business activity.
- to stop operating or stop the operation of (a machine): Did you remember to shut down your computer?
- Also shut down on/upon.Informal.to hinder; check; stop from doing or saying something: He appeared on the talk show to shut down his critics.
- Informal.to defeat or outdo:The team was able to shut down the offense.
- to settle over so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.
- to enclose.
- to confine, as from illness: She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.
- to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.
- to isolate; separate: an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.
- to keep from entering; exclude.
- to hide from view.
- to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.
- to imprison; confine.
- to close entirely.
- to stop talking; become silent: I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.
- to stop (someone) from talking; silence.
- shunting engine,
- shut down,
- shut off,
- shut one's eyes to,
- shut out,
- shut the door
Origin of shut
verb shuts, shutting or shut
- to refuse to think about
- to render impossible
Word Origin for shut
Old English scyttan "to put (a bolt) in place so as to fasten a door or gate, bolt, shut to; discharge, pay off," from West Germanic *skutjan (cf. Old Frisian schetta, Middle Dutch schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from PIE *skeud- "to shoot, chase, throw" (see shoot (v.)). Related: Shutting.
Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Meaning "prevent ingress and egress" is from mid-14c. Sense of "to set (someone) free (from)" (c.1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from mid-14c.
See close down, def. 1.
Stop or switch off machinery, as in They shut down all the machines for one week a year. [Late 1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with shut
- shut down
- shut off
- shut one's eyes to
- shut out
- shut the door
- shut up
- close (shut) down
- close (shut) one's eyes to
- close (shut) the door on
- keep one's mouth shut
- open and shut case
- put up or shut up