verb (used without object)


Origin of slump

1670–80; orig., to sink into a bog or mud; perhaps imitative (cf. plump2)
Related formsun·slumped, adjectiveun·slump·ing, adjective

Synonyms for slump Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for slumping

Contemporary Examples of slumping

Historical Examples of slumping

  • "I guess that's definite, then," Rolf said, slumping a little in disappointment.

    The Happy Unfortunate

    Robert Silverberg

  • "She's got it," Mallory groaned, slumping from the heights again.

    Excuse Me!

    Rupert Hughes

  • "You wush right," he said, slumping against the back of the chair.

  • “And see the porch hammocks,” called Bess, “slumping” into one.

  • “So am I,” said Nancy, slumping limply into the depths of her red velour chair.

    Outside Inn

    Ethel M. Kelley

British Dictionary definitions for slumping


verb (intr)

to sink or fall heavily and suddenly
to relax ungracefully
(of business activity, etc) to decline suddenly; collapse
(of health, interest, etc) to deteriorate or decline suddenly or markedly
(of soil or rock) to slip down a slope, esp a cliff, usually with a rotational movement


a sudden or marked decline or failure, as in progress or achievement; collapse
a decline in commercial activity, prices, etc
economics another word for depression
the act of slumping
a slipping of earth or rock; landslide

Word Origin for slump

C17: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Low German slump bog, Norwegian slumpa to fall



the Slump another name for the Depression
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for slumping



1670s, "fall or sink into a muddy place," probably from a Scandinavian source, cf. Norwegian and Danish slumpe "fall upon," Swedish slumpa; perhaps ultimately of imitative origin. Related: Slumped; slumping.

The word "slump," or "slumped," has too coarse a sound to be used by a lady. [Eliza Leslie, "Miss Leslie's Behaviour Book," Philadelphia, 1839]

Economic sense from 1888.



"act of slumping, slumping movement," 1850; "heavy decline in prices on the stock exchange," 1888, from slump (v.). Generalized by 1922 to "sharp decline in trade or business."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper