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soles

[Spanish saw-les]
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noun
  1. a plural of sol3.
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sol1

[sohl]
noun Music.
  1. the syllable used for the fifth tone of a diatonic scale.
  2. (in the fixed system of solmization) the tone G.
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Also so.
Compare sol-fa(def 1).

Origin of sol1

1275–1325; Middle English < Latin solve; see gamut

sol2

[sohl, sol]
noun
  1. a former coin and money of account of France, the 20th part of a livre and equal to 12 deniers: originally gold, later silver, finally copper, it was discontinued in 1794.
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Also sou.

Origin of sol2

1575–85; < Old French sol < Late Latin solidus solidus1 compare Italian soldo, Spanish sueldo

sole2

[sohl]
noun
  1. the bottom or under surface of the foot.
  2. the corresponding under part of a shoe, boot, or the like, or this part exclusive of the heel.
  3. the bottom, under surface, or lower part of anything.
  4. Carpentry.
    1. the underside of a plane.
    2. soleplate.
  5. Golf. the part of the head of the club that touches the ground.
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verb (used with object), soled, sol·ing.
  1. to furnish with a sole, as a shoe.
  2. Golf. to place the sole of (a club) on the ground, as in preparation for a stroke.
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Origin of sole2

1275–1325; Middle English (noun) < Old French < Latin solea sandal, sole, derivative of solum base, bottom
Related formssole·less, adjective

sol3

[sohl, sol; Spanish sawl]
noun, plural sols, Spanish so·les [saw-les] /ˈsɔ lɛs/.
  1. a bronze coin and monetary unit of Peru, equal to 100 centavos. Abbreviation: S.
  2. Also called libra. a former gold coin of Peru.
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Origin of sol3

1880–85; < American Spanish: sun, Spanish < Latin sōl

sole3

[sohl]
noun, plural (especially collectively) sole, (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) soles.
  1. a European flatfish, Solea solea, used for food.
  2. any other flatfish of the families Soleidae and Cynoglossidae, having a hooklike snout.
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Origin of sole3

1300–50; Middle English < Middle French < Old Provençal < Vulgar Latin *sola (for Latin solea; see sole2), so called from its flat shape; compare Spanish suela, Italian soglia, Portuguese solha

sol4

[sawl, sol]
noun Physical Chemistry.
  1. a fluid colloidal solution.
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Compare aerosol, gel.

Origin of sol4

shortened form of hydrosol
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for soles

sol1

noun
  1. music another name for soh
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Word Origin

C14: see gamut

sol2

noun
  1. short for new sol
  2. a former French copper or silver coin, usually worth 12 deniers
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Word Origin

C16: from Old French, from Late Latin: solidus

sol3

noun
  1. a colloid that has a continuous liquid phase, esp one in which a solid is suspended in a liquid
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Word Origin

C20: shortened from hydrosol

sol4

noun
  1. astronomy a solar day as measured on the planet Mars, equal to 24.65 hours
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Word Origin

C20: from Latin sōl the sun

Sol

noun
  1. the Roman god personifying the sunGreek counterpart: Helios
  2. a poetic word for the sun
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sole1

adjective
  1. (prenominal) being the only one; only
  2. (prenominal) of or relating to one individual or group and no othersole rights on a patent
  3. law having no wife or husbandSee also feme sole
  4. an archaic word for solitary
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Derived Formssoleness, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French soule, from Latin sōlus alone

sole2

noun
  1. the underside of the footRelated adjectives: plantar, volar
  2. the underside of a shoe
    1. the bottom of a furrow
    2. the bottom of a plough
  3. the underside of a golf-club head
  4. the bottom of an oven, furnace, etc
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verb (tr)
  1. to provide (a shoe) with a sole
  2. golf to rest (the club) on the ground, as when preparing to make a stroke
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Derived Formssoleless, adjective

Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Latin solea sandal; probably related to solum the ground

sole3

noun plural sole or soles
  1. any tongue-shaped flatfish of the family Soleidae, esp Solea solea (European sole): most common in warm seas and highly valued as food fishes
  2. any of certain other similar fishes
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Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Vulgar Latin sola (unattested), from Latin solea a sandal (from the fish's shape)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for soles

Sol

n.

"the sun personified," mid-15c. (also in Old English), from Latin sol "the sun, sunlight," from PIE *s(e)wol-, variant of root *saewel- "the sun" (cf. Sanskrit suryah, Avestan hvar "sun, light, heavens;" Greek helios; Lithuanian saule; Old Church Slavonic slunice; Gothic sauil, Old English sol "sun," swegl "sky, heavens, the sun;" Welsh haul, Old Cornish heuul, Breton heol "sun;" Old Irish suil "eye").

The PIE element -*el- in the root originally was a suffix and had an alternative form -*en-, yielding *s(u)wen-, source of English sun (n.). French soleil (10c.) is from Vulgar Latin *soliculus, diminutive of sol; in Vulgar Latin diminutives had the full meaning of their principal words.

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sole

n.1

"bottom of the foot" ("technically, the planta, corresponding to the palm of the hand," Century Dictionary), early 14c., from Old French sole, from Vulgar Latin *sola, from Latin solea "sandal, bottom of a shoe; a flatfish," from solum "bottom, ground, foundation, lowest point of a thing" (hence "sole of the foot"), of uncertain origin. In English, the meaning "bottom of a shoe or boot" is from late 14c.

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sole

adj.

"single, alone, having no husband or wife; one and only, singular, unique," late 14c., from Old French soul "only, alone, just," from Latin solus "alone, only, single, sole; forsaken; extraordinary," of unknown origin, perhaps related to se "oneself," from PIE reflexive root *swo- (see so).

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sole

n.2

common European flatfish, mid-13c., from Old French sole, from Latin solea "a kind of flatfish," originally "sandal" (see sole (n.1)); so called from resemblance of the fish to a flat shoe.

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sole

v.

"furnish (a shoe) with a sole," 1560s, from sole (n.1). Related: Soled; soling.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

soles in Medicine

sol

(sôl, sōl)
n.
  1. A colloidal dispersion of a solid in a liquid.
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sole

(sōl)
n.
  1. The underside of the foot.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.