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soma1

[soh-muh]
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noun, plural so·ma·ta [soh-muh-tuh] /ˈsoʊ mə tə/, so·mas. Biology.
  1. the body of an organism as contrasted with its germ cells.
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Origin of soma1

1830–40; < New Latin < Greek sôma body

soma2

[soh-muh]
noun
  1. haoma(def 1).
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Origin of soma2

Borrowed into English from Sanskrit around 1820–30

Soma

[soh-muh]
Pharmacology, Trademark.
  1. a brand of carisoprodol.
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-soma

  1. a variant of -some3, used especially in the formation of names of zoological genera: Schistosoma.
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Origin of -soma

< New Latin < Greek sôma
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

stalkstemtorsologcolumnblockbuttstockbolesomathorax

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British Dictionary definitions for soma

soma1

noun plural -mata (-mətə) or -mas
  1. the body of an organism, esp an animal, as distinct from the germ cells
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Word Origin

C19: via New Latin from Greek sōma the body

soma2

noun
  1. an intoxicating plant juice drink used in Vedic rituals
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Word Origin

from Sanskrit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for soma

n.

name of an intoxicant used in ancient Vedic ritual, prepared from the juice of some East Indian plant, 1785, from Sanskrit soma, from PIE *seu- "juice," from root *seue- (2) "to take liquid" (see sup (v.2)). In "Brave New World" (1932), the name of a state-dispensed narcotic producing euphoria and hallucination.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

soma in Medicine

soma

(sōmə)
n. pl. so•mas
  1. The entire body of an organism, exclusive of the germ cells.
  2. The axial part of a body, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.
  3. The body of a person as contrasted with the mind or psyche.
  4. cell body
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.