Sri Lanka

[ sree lahng-kuh, lang-kuh, shree ]
/ ˌsri ˈlɑŋ kə, ˈlæŋ kə, ˌʃri /


an island republic in the Indian Ocean, S of India: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km). Capital: Colombo.
Formerly Ceylon. Arabic Serendip.


Sri Lankan, adjective, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for sri lankan (1 of 2)

Sri Lankan
/ (ˌsriː ˈlæŋkən) /


of or relating to Sri Lanka or its inhabitants


a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka

British Dictionary definitions for sri lankan (2 of 2)

Sri Lanka
/ (ˌsriː ˈlæŋkə) /


a republic in S Asia, occupying the island of Ceylon: settled by the Sinhalese from S India in about 550 bc; became a British colony 1802; gained independence in 1948, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth in 1972. Exports include tea, cocoa, cinnamon, and copra. Official languages: Sinhalese and Tamil; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Hinayana Buddhist majority. Currency: Sri Lanka rupee. Capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative). Parts of the coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 21 675 648 (2013 est). Area: 65 610 sq km (25 332 sq miles)Official name (since 1978): Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Former name (until 1972): Ceylon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for sri lankan

Sri Lanka
[ (sree lahng-kuh) ]

Formerly Ceylon, now an island republic in the Indian Ocean just southeast of India.

notes for Sri Lanka

A British colony since 1796, the island became independent in 1948.

notes for Sri Lanka

Marked by hostility between its Buddhist Sinhalese majority and Hindu Tamil minority (see Buddhism and Hinduism).
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.