verb (used without object), stood, stand·ing.
- to take or hold a particular course at sea.
- to move in a certain direction: to stand offshore.
verb (used with object), stood, stand·ing.
noun, plural stands for 28–49, stands or, esp. after a numeral, stand for 50.
- to uphold; support: She stood by him whenever he was in trouble.
- to adhere to (an agreement, promise, etc.); affirm: She stood by her decision despite her sister's arguments.
- to stand ready; wait: Please stand by while I fix this antenna.
- to get ready to speak, act, etc., as at the beginning of a radio or television program.
- to be ready to board a plane, train, or other transport if accommodations become available at the last minute.
- Law.to leave the witness stand.
- to step aside; withdraw, as from a competition: I agreed to stand down so that she could run for the nomination unopposed.
- to leave or take out of active work or service: to stand down some of the ships in the fleet.
- to represent; symbolize: P.S. stands for “postscript.”
- to advocate; favor: He stands for both freedom and justice.
- Informal.to tolerate; allow: I won't stand for any nonsense!
- to be in association or conspiracy with.
- to enjoy the favor of; be on friendly terms with.
- to keep or stay at a distance.
- to put off; evade.
- to depend on; rest on: The case stands on his testimony.
- to be particular about; demand: to stand on ceremony.
- Nautical.to maintain a course and speed.
- to project; protrude: The piers stand out from the harbor wall.
- to be conspicuous or prominent: She stands out in a crowd.
- to persist in opposition or resistance; be inflexible.
- Nautical.to maintain a course away from shore.
- to supervise very closely; watch constantly: He won't work unless someone stands over him.
- to put aside temporarily; postpone: to let a project stand over until the following year.
- to continue to hold; persist in: to stand to one's statement.
- to keep at steadily: Stand to your rowing, men!
- to wait in readiness; stand by: Stand to for action.
- to come to or remain in a standing position: to stand up when being introduced.
- to remain strong, convincing, or durable: The case will never stand up in court. Wool stands up better than silk.
- Slang.to fail to keep an appointment with (someone, especially a sweetheart or date): I waited for Kim for an hour before I realized I'd been stood up.
- to defend the cause of; support: No one could understand why he stood up for an incorrigible criminal.
- to serve a bridegroom or bride, as best man or maid (matron) of honor.
- stand a chance,
- stand at ease,
- stand by,
- stand corrected,
- stand down
Origin of stand
verb stands, standing or stood (mainly intr)
- to remain motionless
- (foll by for) USto tolerateI won't stand still for your threats
- a position on the floor of a shearing shed allocated to one shearer
- the shearing equipment belonging to such a position
Word Origin for stand
Old English standan (class VI strong verb; past tense stod, past participle standen), from Proto-Germanic *sta-n-d- (cf. Old Norse standa, Old Saxon and Gothic standan, Old High German stantan, Swedish stå, Dutch staan, German stehen), from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Sense of "to exist, be present" is attested from c.1300. Meaning "to pay for as a treat" is from 1821. Phrase stands to reason (1620) is from earlier stands (is constant) with reason. Phrase stand pat is originally from poker (1882); stand down in the military sense of "go off duty" is first recorded 1916. Standing ovation attested by 1968; standing army is from c.1600.
"pause, delay," Old English, from the root of stand (v.). Meaning "place of standing, position" is from c.1300; figurative sense is from 1590s. Sense of "action of standing or coming to a position" is attested from late 14c., especially in reference to fighting. Meaning "raised platform for a hunter or sportsman" is attested from c.1400.
Sense of "stall or booth" is first recorded c.1500. Military meaning "complete set" (of arms, colors, etc.) is from 1721, often a collective singular. Sense of "standing growth of trees" is 1868, American English. Theatrical sense of "each stop made on a performance tour" is from 1896. The word was formerly also slang for "an erection" (1867).
In addition to the idioms beginning with stand
- stand a chance
- stand at ease
- stand by
- stand corrected
- stand down
- stand fast
- stand for
- stand guard
- stand in awe
- stand in for
- standing joke
- standing on one's head
- stand in good stead
- standing order
- stand off
- stand on
- stand one's ground
- stand on one's own feet
- stand out
- stand over
- stand pat
- stand still for
- stand the gaff
- stand the sight of
- stand to reason
- stand up
- stand up and be counted
- stand up for
- stand up to
- stand up with
- can't stand the sight of
- heart misses a beat (stands still)
- (stand) in awe of
- it stands to reason
- know where one stands
- make a stand
- make one's hair stand on end
- not have (stand) an earthly chance
- take a stand
- without a leg to stand on