staphylococcus [ staf- uh-l uh- kok- uh s ] SHOW IPA / ˌstæf ə ləˈkɒk əs / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun, plural staph·y·lo·coc·ci . [staf- uh-l uh- kok-sahy] /ˌstæf ə ləˈkɒk saɪ/ Bacteriology. any of several spherical bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus, occurring in pairs, tetrads, and irregular clusters, certain species of which, as S. aureus, can be pathogenic for humans. QUIZZES TAKE ROUND 2 OF OUR PSAT VOCABULARY QUIZ!
Here is our second set of teacher-selected PSAT vocabulary words. Do you know the meanings of these terms?
Question 1 of 10
Origin of staphylococcus
From New Latin, dating back to 1885–90; see origin at
coccus OTHER WORDS FROM staphylococcus staph·y·lo·coc·cal , [staf- uh-l uh- kok- uh l] /ˌstæf ə ləˈkɒk əl/ staph·y·lo·coc·cic , [staf- uh-l uh- kok-sik] /ˌstæf ə ləˈkɒk sɪk/ adjective Words nearby staphylococcus staphylion
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
staphylococcus pyogenes albus
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for staphylococcus
staphylococcus occurred in almost pure culture in the udder of the cow from which the milk was derived.
In late 1971 there had been a mutation of a minor strain of
staphylococcus somewhere in the Andes.
The attacks were so vicious that the pathologist, Captain Watson, sought for special organisms, but found only
staphylococcus, it is capable of lying latent in the tissues for long periods. British Dictionary definitions for staphylococcus noun plural -cocci ( -ˈkɒkaɪ, US -ˈkɒksaɪ) any spherical Gram-positive bacterium of the genus Staphylococcus, typically occurring in clusters and including many pathogenic species, causing boils, infection in wounds, and septicaemia: family Micrococcaceae Often shortened to: staph Derived forms of staphylococcus staphylococcal ( ˌstæfɪləʊˈkɒk) əl or staphylococcic ( ˌstæfɪləʊˈkɒkɪk, US -ˈkɒksɪk), adjective Word Origin for staphylococcus
staphylo- (in the sense: like a bunch of grapes) + coccus so called because of their shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for staphylococcus n. pl. staph•y•lo•coc•ci ( -kŏk) ′sī, -kŏk ′ī A spherical gram-positive parasitic bacterium of the genus Staphylococcus, usually occurring in clusters and causing boils, septicemia, and other infections. Other words from staphylococcus staph′y•lo•coc ( ′cal -kŏk) null ′əl adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for staphylococcus Plural staphylococci ( stăf′ə-lō-kŏk) ′sī, -kŏk ′ī Any of various bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus that are gram-positive cocci and are normally found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Pathogenic strains such as S. aureus commonly cause infections of the skin, bones, lungs and other organs. Some staphylococcal disease, such as food poisoning, is caused by a toxin produced by the bacteria.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for staphylococcus staphylococcus [ (staf-uh-loh- kok-uhs) ]
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.