sturdy

1
[stur-dee]
adjective, stur·di·er, stur·di·est.
  1. strongly built; stalwart; robust: sturdy young athletes.
  2. strong, as in substance, construction, or texture: sturdy walls.
  3. firm; courageous; indomitable: the sturdy defenders of the Alamo.
  4. of strong or hardy growth, as a plant.

Origin of sturdy

1
1250–1300; Middle English stourdi < Old French estourdi dazed, stunned, violent, reckless (past participle of estourdir < ?)
Related formsstur·di·ly, adverbstur·di·ness, nounun·stur·di·ly, adverbun·stur·di·ness, noun

Synonyms for sturdy

Antonyms for sturdy

1. weak.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for sturdier

sturdy

1
adjective -dier or -diest
  1. healthy, strong, and vigorous
  2. strongly built; stalwart
Derived Formssturdily, adverbsturdiness, noun

Word Origin for sturdy

C13 (in the sense: rash, harsh): from Old French estordi dazed, from estordir to stun, perhaps ultimately related to Latin turdus a thrush (taken as representing drunkenness)

sturdy

2
noun
  1. vet science another name for staggers, gid
Derived Formssturdied, adjective

Word Origin for sturdy

C17: from sturdy 1 (in the obsolete sense: giddy)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sturdier

sturdy

adj.

c.1300, "hard to manage, reckless, violent," from Old French estourdi "violent," originally "dazed," past participle of estourdir "to daze," from Vulgar Latin *exturdire, which is presumed to be from Latin intensive prefix ex + turdus "thrush." Perhaps the notion is of thrushes eating leftover grapes at wineries and acting drunk (Italian tordo "thrush" also means "simpleton," and French has the expression soûl comme une grive "drunk as a thrush"). OED, however, regards all this as "open to grave objection." Sense of "solidly built, strong and hardy" first recorded late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper