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attorney

[uh-tur-nee]
noun, plural at·tor·neys.
  1. a lawyer; attorney-at-law.
  2. an attorney-in-fact; agent.
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Origin of attorney

1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French attourne literally, “(one who is) turned to,” i.e., “(one who is appointed,” past participle of attourner “to attorn
Related formsat·tor·ney·ship, nounsub·at·tor·ney, noun, plural sub·at·tor·neys.sub·at·tor·ney·ship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for sub-attorney

attorney

noun
  1. a person legally appointed or empowered to act for another
  2. US a lawyer qualified to represent clients in legal proceedings
  3. Southern African a solicitor
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Derived Formsattorneyship, noun

Word Origin for attorney

C14: from Old French atourné, from atourner to direct to; see attorn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sub-attorney

attorney

n.

early 14c. (mid-13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French atorné "(one) appointed," past participle of aturner "to decree, assign, appoint," from atorner (see attorn). The legal Latin form attornare influenced the spelling in Anglo-French. The sense is of "one appointed to represent another's interests."

In English law, a private attorney was one appointed to act for another in business or legal affairs (usually for pay); an attorney at law or public attorney was a qualified legal agent in the courts of Common Law who prepared the cases for a barrister, who pleaded them (the equivalent of a solicitor in Chancery). So much a term of contempt in England that it was abolished by the Judicature Act of 1873 and merged with solicitor.

Johnson observed that "he did not care to speak ill of any man behind his back, but he believed the gentleman was an attorney." [Boswell]

The double -t- is a mistaken 15c. attempt to restore a non-existent Latin original. Attorney general first recorded 1530s in sense of "legal officer of the state" (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from French, hence the odd plural (subject first, adjective second).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper