verb (used with object), sub·mit·ted, sub·mit·ting.
verb (used without object), sub·mit·ted, sub·mit·ting.
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Origin of submit
synonym study for submit
OTHER WORDS FROM submit
Words nearby submit
BEHIND THE WORD
Where does submit come from?
As we see in our Behind The Word on transfer, submit is an excellent example of how Latin roots can be found all over English vocabulary.
Submit entered English around 1325–75. The word is ultimately derived from the Latin submittere, meaning “to lower, reduce, yield.” This Latin verb is composed of two parts. The first part is sub-, a combining form based on the preposition sub, meaning “under, below.” The second part is mittere, a verb meaning “to send,” often with the sense of “letting (something) go.” Fun fact: another sense of submittere in Latin was “to let grow,” as one does with their hair.
Some of the most common senses of submit in English are “to turn in,” as one submits a homework assignment or document, and “to give in,” as one submits to the will of another.
Back to the Latin roots. Latin combined mittere with a variety of its own prefixes to form new verbs, many of which made their way into English in the 1300s.
- admit (from Latin admittere, literally “to send to”; see ad-)
- commit (from Latin committere, literally “to send with”; see com–)
- demit (from Latin dēmittere, literally “to send down”; see de–)
- emit (from Latin ēmittere, literally “to send out”; see e–)
- intermit (from Latin intermittere, literally “to send between”; see inter–)
- intromit (from Latin intrōmittere, literally “to send in”; see intro–)
- omit (from Latin omittere, with a literal meaning of, roughly, “to send in the way of”; see o-)
- permit (from Latin permittere, literally “to send through”; see per–)
- pretermit (from Latin praetermittere, literally “to send past”; see preter–)
- remit (from Latin remittere, literally “to send back”; see re–)
- transmit (from Latin trānsmittere, literally “to send across”; see trans–)
Now, for sub-. Too many words to list here feature the prefix sub-, either as borrowed from Latin or formed in English. Below are just a few examples. Can you think of more?
Many other English words contain sub-, but you might not know it at first glance. That’s due to a process called assimilation, which is when a sound becomes the same as or similar to a neighboring sound.
Before sp, sub- becomes su–, as in suspect. Before c, sub- becomes suc–, as in succeed. Sub- becomes suf- before f (suffer), sug- before g (suggest), and sum– before m (summon). And just to be absolutely thorough, sub- becomes sup- before p, as in suppose, and sur- before r, as in surrogate.
Did you know ... ?
The Latin verb mittere shows up in many other English words, such as missile and mission. Without getting too far into the grammar weeds, those double s’s (as opposed to the double t’s we see in mittere) are based on the past participle form of the verb: missus, “(a) sent (thing).” This is why the noun form of submit is submission—and admission for admit, permission for permit, and so on.
Example sentences from the Web for submit
A 64-year-old animal trainer, he makes the six-hour round-trip every two weeks to submit to her and explore his sexuality.Dungeons and Genital Clamps: Inside a Legendary BDSM Chateau|Ian Frisch|December 20, 2014|DAILY BEAST
By giving an artistic veto to a madman, we submit to the mindset of a slave.The Sony Hack and America’s Craven Capitulation To Terror|David Keyes|December 19, 2014|DAILY BEAST
In early October, Health Republic allowed me to submit a “grievance claim” which I filed, along with a pile of backup documents.
That is not to say the students who submit to the elitism and racism promoted by the USC Greek system are wholly sympathetic.Stepford Sororities: The Pressures of USC’s Greek Life|Maya Richard Craven|November 17, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Her husband was supportive and even took the photos to submit with her application.From Baltimore Ravens Cheerleader to Mrs. Robinson|Brandy Zadrozny|November 6, 2014|DAILY BEAST
I submit that, from Mill's point of view, these are all valid reasons why they should not choose the higher life.
They are cleverer than us and more powerful than us; and we have to submit to their discipline.Your United States|Arnold Bennett
This, sir, I submit to your candor and honor, and shall cheerfully await the decision of my superiors.Life And Times Of Washington, Volume 2|John Frederick Schroeder
I shall now proceed to draw my conclusions, which I submit must appeal irresistibly to every impartial and right-minded person.A Century of Wrong|F. W. Reitz
This extremity is terrible, but we are forced to submit to it, if we desire to enjoy the fruit of our rude labours in peace.The Trappers of Arkansas|Gustave Aimard