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sulfo

[ suhl-foh ]
/ ˈsʌl foʊ /
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adjective Chemistry.
containing the sulfo group; sulfonic.
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Origin of sulfo

Shortening of sulfonic or sulfonyl

Other definitions for sulfo (2 of 2)

sulfo-

variant of sulf-, especially before a consonant: sulfocarbanilide.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

WORDS THAT USE SULFO-

What does sulfo- mean?

The combining form sulfo- is used like a prefix meaning “sulfur,” a nonmetallic element known for its distinctive odor. This form is used in a few scientific terms, especially in chemistry.

The form sulfo- comes from Latin sulfur, meaning both “sulfur” and “brimstone.”

What are variants of sulfo-?

The form sulfo- is a variant of sulf-, which gains an -o- when combined with words or word elements beginning with consonants. In British English, sulfo- is spelled sulph- or sulpho-, as in sulphide. Want to know more? Read our Words That Use articles for these combining forms.

Examples of sulfo-

One example of a scientific term that features the form sulfo- is sulfotransferase, “an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a sulfate group from one compound to the hydroxyl group of another.”

The word sulfotransferase is made of three parts: sulfo- + transfer + -ase. The sulfo- part of the word means “sulfur,” while the suffix -ase is used to name enzymes. Sulfotransferase literally means “sulfur-transfer(ing) enzyme.”

What are some words that use the combining form sulfo-?

What are some other forms that sulfo- may be commonly confused with?

Break it down!

Salicylic acid is a white, crystalline, very slightly water-soluble powder with a number of commercial applications. Keeping in mind the meaning of sulfo-, what is a property of sulfosalicylic acid?

Medical definitions for sulfo

sulfo-

pref.
Sulfur:sulfate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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