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surrounding

[suh-roun-ding]
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noun
  1. something that surrounds.
  2. surroundings, environing things, circumstances, conditions, etc.; environment: He was too sick to be aware of his surroundings.
  3. the act of encircling or enclosing.
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adjective
  1. enclosing or encircling.
  2. being the environment or adjacent area.
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Origin of surrounding

1400–50; late Middle English: inundation; see surround, -ing1, -ing2

Synonyms for surrounding

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2. See environment.

surround

[suh-round]
verb (used with object)
  1. to enclose on all sides; encompass: She was surrounded by reporters.
  2. to form an enclosure round; encircle: A stone wall surrounds the estate.
  3. to enclose (a body of troops, a fort or town, etc.) so as to cut off communication or retreat.
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noun
  1. something that surrounds, as the area, border, etc., around an object or central space: a tile surround for the shower stall.
  2. environment or setting: The designer created a Persian surround for the new restaurant.
  3. Hunting.
    1. a means of hunting in which wild animals are encircled and chased into a special spot that makes their escape impossible.
    2. the act of hunting by this means.
    3. the location encircled by hunters using this means.
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Origin of surround

1400–50; late Middle English surounden to inundate, submerge < Anglo-French surounder, Middle French s(o)ronder < Late Latin superundāre to overflow, equivalent to Latin super- super- + undāre to flood, derivative of unda wave (see undulate); current spelling by analysis as sur-1 + round1 (v.)
Related formspre·sur·round, verb (used with object)un·sur·round·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for surrounding

neighboring, encompassing, around, circumambient, circumferential

Examples from the Web for surrounding

Contemporary Examples of surrounding

Historical Examples of surrounding

  • Quite often the cave gave way to the pressure of the surrounding rock.

    Ancient Man

    Hendrik Willem van Loon

  • The conflict in the surrounding shrubbery had already almost ceased.

    Ridgeway

    Scian Dubh

  • Furthermore, the mush of “vegetables” surrounding the house was more than fulfilled.

    The Law-Breakers

    Ridgwell Cullum

  • But this is his manner of approaching and surrounding a question.

  • The tale of the grasshoppers is naturally suggested by the surrounding scene.


British Dictionary definitions for surrounding

surround

verb (tr)
  1. to encircle or enclose or cause to be encircled or enclosed
  2. to deploy forces on all sides of (a place or military formation), so preventing access or retreat
  3. to exist aroundI dislike the people who surround her
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noun
  1. mainly British a border, esp the area of uncovered floor between the walls of a room and the carpet or around an opening or panel
  2. mainly US
    1. a method of capturing wild beasts by encircling the area in which they are believed to be
    2. the area so encircled
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Derived Formssurrounding, adjective

Word Origin for surround

C15 surrounden to overflow, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre, from Latin super- + undāre to abound, from unda a wave
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for surrounding

surround

v.

early 15c., "to flood, overflow," from Middle French soronder "to overflow, abound, surpass, dominate," from Late Latin superundare "overflow," from Latin super "over" (see super-) + undare "to flow in waves," from unda "wave" (see water (n.); and cf. abound). Sense of "to shut in on all sides" first recorded 1610s, influenced by figurative meaning in French of "dominate," and by sound association with round. Related: Surrounded; surrounding.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper