[ swet ]
/ swɛt /
verb (used without object), sweat or sweat·ed, sweat·ing.
to perspire, especially freely or profusely.
to exude moisture, as green plants piled in a heap or cheese.
to gather moisture from the surrounding air by condensation.
(of moisture or liquid) to ooze or be exuded.
Informal. to work hard.
Informal. to experience distress, as from anxiety.
(of tobacco) to ferment.
verb (used with object), sweat or sweat·ed, sweat·ing.
to excrete (perspiration, moisture, etc.) through the pores of the skin.
to exude in drops or small particles: The drying figs sweat tiny drops of moisture.
to send forth or get rid of with or like perspiration (often followed by out or off).
to wet or stain with perspiration.
to cause (a person, a horse, etc.) to perspire.
to cause to exude moisture, especially as a step in an industrial drying process: to sweat wood.
to earn, produce, or obtain (a result, promotion, compliment, etc.) by hard work.
to cause to lose (weight) as by perspiring or hard work: The hard week's work sweated five pounds off him.
to cause, force, or bring pressure on (a person, an animal, etc.) to work hard.
to employ (workers) at low wages, for long hours, or under other unfavorable conditions.
to labor with meticulous care over: The manufacturer of this beautiful car has really sweated the details.
- to obtain or extort (money) from someone.
- to extort money from; fleece.
Slang. to subject to severe questioning; give the third degree to.
- to heat (an alloy) in order to remove a constituent melting at a lower temperature than the alloy as a whole.
- to heat (solder or the like) to melting.
- to join (metal objects) by heating and pressing together, usually with solder.
to remove bits of metal from (gold coins) by shaking them against one another, as in a bag.Compare clip1(def 4).
to cause (tobacco or cocoa) to ferment.
the process of sweating or perspiring.
that which is secreted from sweat glands; perspiration.
a state or a period of sweating.
Informal. a state of anxiety or impatience.
a process of inducing sweating or perspiration, or of being sweated, as in medical treatment.
moisture exuded from something or gathered on a surface.
an exuding of moisture, as by a substance.
an inducing of such exudation, as in some industrial process.
a run given to a horse for exercise, as before a race.
- (of clothes) made to be worn for exercise, sports, or other physical activity.
- made of the absorbent fabric used for such clothes: sweat dresses.
- of, for, or associated with such clothes: the sweat look in sportswear.
sweat out, Informal.
- to await anxiously the outcome of; endure apprehensively: The accused sweated out the jury's deliberation.
- to work arduously at or toward: The director sweated out a camera angle with the cinematographer.
TAKE THIS QUIZ TO SEE WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT 2ND-3RD GRADE VOCAB FROM BOOKS!
Are you learning new vocabulary? Or do you just have an interest in words? Either way, this quiz is for you.
Question 1 of 10
Idioms for sweat
- to be under a strain; work strenuously.
- to wait anxiously; worry: He was sweating blood while his friend was being questioned by the police.
no sweat, Informal. with no difficulty or problem.
sweat blood, Informal.
- to sweat profusely.
- to be apprehensive; worry.
- to wait anxiously; endure the best way one can: There was no news of survivors, so all we could do was sweat it.
- to worry; be apprehensive: You'll do OK, so don't sweat it.
sweat bullets, Informal.
sweat it, Informal.
Origin of sweat
before 900; 1970–75 for def 6; (v.) Middle English sweten, Old English swǣtan to sweat, derivative of swāt (noun) (> obsolete English swote); (noun) Middle English, alteration of swote, influenced by the v.; cognate with Dutch zweet, German Schweiss, Old Norse sveiti, Sanskrit svedas; akin to Latin sūdor, Greek hidrṓs
synonym study for sweat
24. See perspiration.
historical usage of sweat
Sweat has a very distinguished ancestry. It comes from the Proto-Indo-European root sweid-, swoid-, swid-. The suffixed form swoidos (a noun) appears in Germanic as swaitaz, regularly becoming swāt in Old English, Schweiss in German, and sveiti in Old Norse. The related form swoidōs- regularly becomes the noun sūdōr- (inflectional stem of sūdor ) in Latin, from which English derives sudorific “causing sweat” and sudoriparous “secreting sweat.” Greek, as is common, goes its own way and forms its noun from the variant root swid- extended with the suffix -ro- ( swidro- ) to form hidrṓs, from which English derives hidrosis (excessive production of sweat); the Greek form is made obscure by the cluster sw- becoming h-. The form swidro- becomes sviêdri in Latvian, a Baltic language that, like Lithuanian, is very resistant to change.
OTHER WORDS FROM sweatsweat·less, adjectivenon·sweat·ing, adjectiveun·sweat·ing, adjective
Words nearby sweat
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for sweat off (1 of 2)
(tr, adverb) informal to get rid of (weight) by strenuous exercise or sweating
British Dictionary definitions for sweat off (2 of 2)
/ (swɛt) /
the secretion from the sweat glands, esp when profuse and visible, as during strenuous activity, from excessive heat, etc; commonly also called perspirationRelated adjectives: sudatory, sudorific
the act or process of secreting this fluid
the act of inducing the exudation of moisture
drops of moisture given forth or gathered on the surface of something
informal a state or condition of worry or eagerness (esp in the phrase in a sweat)
slang drudgery or hard labourmowing lawns is a real sweat!
mainly US an exercise gallop given to a horse, esp on the day of a race
slang, mainly British a soldier, esp one who is old and experienced
no sweat! (interjection) slang an expression suggesting that something can be done without problems or difficulty
verb sweats, sweating, sweat or sweated
to secrete (sweat) through the pores of the skin, esp profusely
(tr) to make wet or stain with sweat
to give forth or cause to give forth (moisture) in dropletsa sweating cheese; the maple sweats sap
(intr) to collect and condense moisture on an outer surfacea glass of beer sweating in the sun
(intr) (of a liquid) to pass through a porous surface in droplets
(of tobacco leaves, cut and dried hay, etc) to exude moisture and, sometimes, begin to ferment or to cause (tobacco leaves, etc) to exude moisture
(tr) to heat (food, esp vegetables) slowly in butter in a tightly closed saucepan
(tr) to join (pieces of metal) by pressing together and heating
(tr) to heat (solder) until it melts
(tr) to heat (a partially fused metal) to extract an easily fusible constituent
to shake together (coins, esp gold coins) so as to remove particles for illegal use
informal to suffer anxiety, impatience, or distress
informal to overwork or be overworked
(tr) informal to employ at very low wages and under bad conditions
(tr) informal to extort, esp by tortureto sweat information out of a captive
(intr) informal to suffer punishmentyou'll sweat for this!
sweat blood informal
- to work very hard
- to be filled with anxiety or impatience
Derived forms of sweatsweatless, adjective
Word Origin for sweat
Old English swætan to sweat, from swāt sweat; related to Old Saxon swēt, Old Norse sveiti, Old High German sweiz, Latin sūdor, Sanskrit svedas
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for sweat off
[ swĕt ]
To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
The process of sweating.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for sweat off
[ swĕt ]
The salty liquid given off by sweat glands in the skin of mammals. As sweat evaporates, the skin cools, causing a reduction in body heat.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Idioms and Phrases with sweat off
In addition to the idioms beginning with sweat
- sweat blood
- sweat bullets
- sweat of one's brow
- sweat out
- by the sweat of one's brow
- in a cold sweat
- no problem (sweat)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.