sweet almond

Origin of sweet almond

First recorded in 1710–20

almond

[ah-muh nd, am-uh nd; spelling pronunciation al-muh nd]
noun
  1. the nutlike kernel of the fruit of either of two trees, Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) or P. dulcis amara (bitter almond), which grow in warm temperate regions.
  2. the tree itself.
  3. a delicate, pale tan.
  4. anything shaped like an almond, especially an ornament.
adjective
  1. of the color, taste, or shape of an almond.
  2. made or flavored with almonds: almond cookies.

Origin of almond

1250–1300; Middle English almande < Old French (dial.) alemande, probably by transposition of -la < Late Latin amandula, with assimilative replacement of the unfamiliar cluster and adaptation to a known suffix, representing Latin amygdala < Greek amygdálē; replacing Old English amigdal < Latin
Related formsal·mond·like, al·mond·y, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for sweet almond

almond

noun
  1. a small widely cultivated rosaceous tree, Prunus amygdalus, that is native to W Asia and has pink flowers and a green fruit containing an edible nutlike seed
  2. the oval-shaped nutlike edible seed of this plant, which has a yellowish-brown shell
  3. (modifier) made of or containing almondsalmond cake Related adjectives: amygdaline, amygdaloid
    1. a pale yellowish-brown colour
    2. (as adjective)almond wallpaper
  4. Also called: almond green
    1. yellowish-green colour
    2. (as adjective)an almond skirt
  5. anything shaped like an almond nut

Word Origin for almond

C13: from Old French almande, from Medieval Latin amandula, from Latin amygdala, from Greek amugdalē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sweet almond

almond

n.

c.1300, from Old French almande, amande, from Vulgar Latin *amendla, *amandula, from Latin amygdala (plural), from Greek amygdalos "an almond tree," of unknown origin, perhaps a Semitic word. Altered in Medieval Latin by influence of amandus "loveable," and acquiring in French an excrescent -l- perhaps from Spanish almendra "almond," which got it via confusion with the Arabic definite article al-, which formed the beginnings of many Spanish words. Applied to eyes shaped like almonds, especially of certain Asiatic peoples, from 1870.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper