[ tan-zuh-nee-uh; Swahili. tahn-zah-nee-ah ]
/ ˌtæn zəˈni ə; Swahili. tɑn zɑˈni ɑ /
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a republic in eastern Africa formed in 1964 by the merger of the republic of Tanganyika and the former island sultanate of Zanzibar (including Pemba and adjacent small islands). 364,881 sq. mi. (945,037 sq. km). Capital: Dodoma.



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Official name U·ni·ted Re·pub·lic of Tan·za·ni·a . Formerly U·ni·ted Re·pub·lic of Tan·gan·yi·ka and Zan·zi·bar [tan-guhn-yee-kuh; zan-zuh-bahr] /ˌtæn gənˈyi kə; ˈzæn zəˌbɑr/ .
Tan·za·ni·an, noun, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for Tanzania

/ (ˌtænzəˈnɪə) /


a republic in E Africa, on the Indian Ocean: formed by the union of the independent states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964; a member of the Commonwealth. Exports include coffee, tea, sisal, and cotton. Official languages: Swahili and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Tanzanian shilling. Capital: officially Dodoma (though some functions remain in Dar es Salaam). Pop: 48 261 000 (2013 est). Area: 945 203 sq km (364 943 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for Tanzania

[ (tan-zuh-nee-uh) ]

Republic in eastern Africa, formed in 1964 by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It is bordered to the north by Uganda, Lake Victoria, and Kenya; to the east by the Indian Ocean; to the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia; and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi,, and Rwanda. Its capital and largest city is Dar es Salaam.

Louis B. Leakey, a British anthropologist, found the remains of a direct ancestor of the present human species, about 1.75 million years old, at Olduvai Gorge in northeastern Tanzania.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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