temporal

1
[tem-per-uh l, tem-pruh l]
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adjective
  1. of or relating to time.
  2. pertaining to or concerned with the present life or this world; worldly: temporal joys.
  3. enduring for a time only; temporary; transitory (opposed to eternal).
  4. Grammar.
    1. of, relating to, or expressing time: a temporal adjective, such as recent, or a temporal adverb, such as recently.
    2. of or relating to the tenses of a verb.
  5. secular, lay, or civil, as opposed to ecclesiastical.
noun Usually temporals.
  1. a temporal possession, estate, or the like; temporality.
  2. something that is temporal; a temporal matter or affair.

Origin of temporal

1
1300–50; Middle English (adj. and noun) < Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) time + -ālis -al1
Related formstem·po·ral·ly, adverbtem·po·ral·ness, noun

temporal

2
[tem-per-uh l, tem-pruh l]Anatomy, Zoology
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or situated near the temple or a temporal bone.
noun
  1. any of several parts in the temporal region, especially the temporal bone.

Origin of temporal

2
1535–45; < Late Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) temple2 + -ālis -al1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for temporal

temporal

1
adjective
  1. of or relating to time
  2. of or relating to secular as opposed to spiritual or religious affairsthe lords spiritual and temporal
  3. lasting for a relatively short time
  4. grammar of or relating to tense or the linguistic expression of time in generala temporal adverb
Derived Formstemporally, adverbtemporalness, noun

Word Origin for temporal

C14: from Latin temporālis, from tempus time

temporal

2
adjective
  1. anatomy of, relating to, or near the temple or temples

Word Origin for temporal

C16: from Late Latin temporālis belonging to the temples; see temple ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for temporal
adj.

mid-14c., "worldly, secular," later "of time, terrestrial, earthly" (late 14c.), "temporary, lasting only for a time" (late 14c.), from Old French temporal, from Latin temporalis "of time, temporary," from tempus (genitive temporis) "time, season, proper time or season," of unknown origin. Related: Temporality.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

temporal in Medicine

temporal

[tĕmpər-əl, tĕmprəl]
adj.
  1. Of, relating to, or near the temples of the skull.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

temporal in Science

temporal

[tĕmpər-əl]
  1. Relating to or near the bones that form the sides and part of the base of the skull.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.