[ ten-shuhn ]
/ ˈtɛn ʃən /
the act of stretching or straining.
the state of being stretched or strained.
mental or emotional strain; intense, suppressed suspense, anxiety, or excitement.
a strained relationship between individuals, groups, nations, etc.
(not in current use) pressure, especially of a vapor.
- the longitudinal deformation of an elastic body that results in its elongation.
- the force producing such deformation.
Electricity. electromotive force; potential.
Machinery. a device for stretching or pulling something.
a device to hold the proper tension on the material being woven in a loom.
verb (used with object)
to subject (a cable, belt, tendon, or the like) to tension, especially for a specific purpose.
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OTHER WORDS FROM tensionten·sion·al, adjectiveten·sion·less, adjectiveo·ver·ten·sion, nounsu·per·ten·sion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for tension
The Tensional Strength of timber for safety may be taken at 2000 lbs.Instructions on Modern American Bridge Building|G. B. N. Tower
British Dictionary definitions for tension
/ (ˈtɛnʃən) /
the act of stretching or the state or degree of being stretched
mental or emotional strain; stress
a situation or condition of hostility, suspense, or uneasiness
physics a force that tends to produce an elongation of a body or structure
- voltage, electromotive force, or potential difference
- (in combination)high-tension; low-tension
a device for regulating the tension in a part, string, thread, etc, as in a sewing machine
knitting the degree of tightness or looseness with which a person knits
Derived forms of tensiontensional, adjectivetensionless, adjective
Word Origin for tension
C16: from Latin tensiō, from tendere to strain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for tension
[ tĕn′shən ]
The act or process of stretching something tight.
The condition of so being stretched.
A force tending to stretch or elongate something.
The partial pressure of a gas, especially dissolved in a liquid such as blood.
Mental, emotional, or nervous strain.
Barely controlled hostility or a strained relationship between people or groups.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for tension
[ tĕn′shən ]
A force that tends to stretch or elongate something.
An electrical potential (voltage), especially as measured in electrical components such as transformers or power lines involved in the transmission of electrical power.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.