Origin of -th1
Origin of -th2
Examples from the Web for th
To celebrate the 1,000th Daily Pic, we declare "Las Meninas" the West's greatest hit.
“Indisputable,” which Joyce used only twice, was tied for the 10,000th spot.
Drybar recently reached the milestone of the 1,111,111th customer; she was awarded free blowouts for life.Blow Dry Bars Are a Thriving Industry Disrupting the Salon Business|Kelsey Meany|July 13, 2013|DAILY BEAST
The vehicle has even gained traction abroad, with Nissan celebrating its 10,000th sale in Europe in late May.
In other words, early IQ predicts academic success only 1/100 th better than matching ears predict IQ.
Thither i'th' evening, and which is the most infliction, Only to insult upon our miseries.Cler.The Little French Lawyer|Francis Beaumont
You've gotten a bit o' brass o' your own, an' I'm layin' down a new mill, and I shall want o' th' brass I can lay my hands on.Wenderholme|Philip Gilbert Hamerton
Th' rent of our cottage is only one an' threepence an' it's like pullin' eye-teeth to get it.The Secret Garden|Frances Hodgson Burnett
I wanth t' get t' the Thouthern outporth, where there'th life.Quaint Courtships|Various
Happen the power would ha' come just th' same (though I ain't sure about it), like the breath; but it 'ud ha' made a difference.Into the Highways and Hedges|F. F. Montrsor (Frances Frederica)
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suffix forming nouns
Word Origin for -th
Word Origin for -th
A sound found chiefly in words of Old English, Old Norse or Greek origin, unpronounceable by Normans and many other Europeans. In Greek, the sound corresponds etymologically to Sanskrit -dh- and English -d-; and it was represented graphically by -TH- and at first pronounced as a true aspirate (as still in English outhouse, shithead, etc.). But by 2c. B.C.E. the Greek letter theta was in universal use and had the modern "-th-" sound. Latin had neither the letter nor the sound, however, and the Romans represented Greek theta by -TH-, which they generally pronounced, at least in Late Latin, as simple "-t-" (passed down to Romanic languages, e.g. Spanish termal "thermal," teoria "theory," teatro "theater").
In Germanic languages it represents PIE -t- and was common at the start of words or after stressed vowels. To represent it, Old English and Old Norse used the characters ð "eth" (a modified form of -d-) and þ "thorn," which originally was a rune. Old English, unlike Old Norse, seems never to have standardized which of the two versions of the sound ("hard" and "soft") was represented by which of the two letters.
The digraph -th- sometimes appears in early Old English, on the Roman model, and it returned in Middle English with the French scribes, driving out eth by c.1250, but thorn persisted, especially in demonstratives (þat, þe, þis, etc.), even as other words were being spelled with -th-. The advent of printing dealt its death-blow, however, as types were imported from continental founders, who had no thorn. For a time y was used in its place (especially in Scotland), because it had a similar shape, hence ye for the in historical tourist trap olde shoppes (it never was pronounced "ye," only spelled that way).
The awareness that some Latin words in t- were from Greek th- encouraged over-correction in English and created unetymological forms such as Thames and author, while some words borrowed from Romanic languages preserve, on the Roman model, the Greek -th- spelling but the simple Latin "t" pronunciation (e.g. Thomas and thyme).
suffix forming nouns (e.g. depth, strength, truth, etc.), from Old English -ðu, -ð, from Proto-Germanic *-itho, abstract noun suffix, from PIE *-ita (cf. Sanskrit -tati-; Greek -tet-; Latin -tati-, as in libertatem "liberty" from liber "free").
word-forming element making ordinal numbers (fourth, tenth, etc.), Old English -ða, from Proto-Germanic *-tha-, from PIE *-to-, also *-eto-, *-oto-, suffix forming adjectives "marking the accomplishment of the notion of the base" [Watkins] (cf. Sanskrit thah, Greek -tos, Latin -tus).