Origin of -th1
Origin of -th2
Examples from the Web for th
Contemporary Examples of th
To celebrate the 1,000th Daily Pic, we declare "Las Meninas" the West's greatest hit.Greater Than The Mona Lisa
January 28, 2014
“Indisputable,” which Joyce used only twice, was tied for the 10,000th spot.Why Big Data Doesn’t Live up to the Hype
January 4, 2014
Drybar recently reached the milestone of the 1,111,111th customer; she was awarded free blowouts for life.Blow Dry Bars Are a Thriving Industry Disrupting the Salon Business
July 13, 2013
The vehicle has even gained traction abroad, with Nissan celebrating its 10,000th sale in Europe in late May.Sales Increase for Electric Vehicles
July 2, 2013
In other words, early IQ predicts academic success only 1/100 th better than matching ears predict IQ.The New Child-Testing Craze
Po Bronson, Ashley Merryman
February 17, 2010
Historical Examples of th
He's a sawhorse—he's as heavy in th' head as a bag of salt; he'll never do no good to nobody.Thoroughbreds
W. A. Fraser
I wanth t' get t' the Thouthern outporth, where there'th life.Quaint Courtships
I ain't got none, but th' blacksmith'll fit you out all right.The Forest
Stewart Edward White
Come, Thaney gal, we'll go in th' house 'n' find pappy 'n' gra'mammy.
Will ye come in th' parlor, er had ye ruther set out on th' piazza?
the internet domain name for
the chemical symbol for
suffix forming nouns
Word Origin for -th
Word Origin for -th
A sound found chiefly in words of Old English, Old Norse or Greek origin, unpronounceable by Normans and many other Europeans. In Greek, the sound corresponds etymologically to Sanskrit -dh- and English -d-; and it was represented graphically by -TH- and at first pronounced as a true aspirate (as still in English outhouse, shithead, etc.). But by 2c. B.C.E. the Greek letter theta was in universal use and had the modern "-th-" sound. Latin had neither the letter nor the sound, however, and the Romans represented Greek theta by -TH-, which they generally pronounced, at least in Late Latin, as simple "-t-" (passed down to Romanic languages, e.g. Spanish termal "thermal," teoria "theory," teatro "theater").
In Germanic languages it represents PIE -t- and was common at the start of words or after stressed vowels. To represent it, Old English and Old Norse used the characters ð "eth" (a modified form of -d-) and þ "thorn," which originally was a rune. Old English, unlike Old Norse, seems never to have standardized which of the two versions of the sound ("hard" and "soft") was represented by which of the two letters.
The digraph -th- sometimes appears in early Old English, on the Roman model, and it returned in Middle English with the French scribes, driving out eth by c.1250, but thorn persisted, especially in demonstratives (þat, þe, þis, etc.), even as other words were being spelled with -th-. The advent of printing dealt its death-blow, however, as types were imported from continental founders, who had no thorn. For a time y was used in its place (especially in Scotland), because it had a similar shape, hence ye for the in historical tourist trap olde shoppes (it never was pronounced "ye," only spelled that way).
The awareness that some Latin words in t- were from Greek th- encouraged over-correction in English and created unetymological forms such as Thames and author, while some words borrowed from Romanic languages preserve, on the Roman model, the Greek -th- spelling but the simple Latin "t" pronunciation (e.g. Thomas and thyme).
suffix forming nouns (e.g. depth, strength, truth, etc.), from Old English -ðu, -ð, from Proto-Germanic *-itho, abstract noun suffix, from PIE *-ita (cf. Sanskrit -tati-; Greek -tet-; Latin -tati-, as in libertatem "liberty" from liber "free").
word-forming element making ordinal numbers (fourth, tenth, etc.), Old English -ða, from Proto-Germanic *-tha-, from PIE *-to-, also *-eto-, *-oto-, suffix forming adjectives "marking the accomplishment of the notion of the base" [Watkins] (cf. Sanskrit thah, Greek -tos, Latin -tus).