[ thahy-uh-min, -meen ]
/ ˈθaɪ ə mɪn, -ˌmin /
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a white, crystalline, water-soluble compound of the vitamin-B complex, containing a thiazole and a pyrimidine group, C12H17ClN4OS, essential for normal functioning of the nervous system, a deficiency of which results chiefly in beriberi and other nerve disorders: occurring in many natural sources, as green peas, liver, and especially the seed coats of cereal grains, the commercial product of which is chiefly synthesized in the form of its chloride salt (thiamine hydrochloride ) for therapeutic administration, or in nitrate form (thiamine mononitrate ) for enriching flour mixes.
THINGAMABOB OR THINGUMMY: CAN YOU DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THE US AND UK TERMS IN THIS QUIZ?
Do you know the difference between everyday US and UK terminology? Test yourself with this quiz on words that differ across the Atlantic.
Question 1 of 7
In the UK, COTTON CANDY is more commonly known as…
Also thi·a·min [thahy-uh-min]. /ˈθaɪ ə mɪn/.
Also called vitamin B1, aneurin, an·eu·rine.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use thiamine in a sentence
I've been fighting shock with thiamin for the last hour, but I don't think I can hold out much longer.Bear Trap|Alan Edward Nourse
British Dictionary definitions for thiamine
/ (ˈθaɪəˌmiːn, -mɪn) /
biochem a soluble white crystalline vitamin that occurs in the outer coat of rice and other grains. It forms part of the vitamin B complex and is essential for carbohydrate metabolism: deficiency leads to nervous disorders and to the disease beriberi. Formula: C 12 H 17 ON 4 SCl.H 2 OAlso: vitamin B 1, aneurin
Word Origin for thiamine
C20: thio- + (vit) amin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for thiamine
[ thī′ə-mĭn ]
A water-soluble pyrimidine derivative belonging to the vitamin B complex that is important in carbohydrate metabolism and normal activity of the nervous system. It is found in pork, organ meats, whole grain cereals, legumes, and nuts. Deficiency of thiamine in the diet results in beriberi. Also called vitamin B1. Chemical formula: C12H17ClN4OS.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.