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thiamine mononitrate

[mon-uh-nahy-treyt]
noun
  1. See under thiamine.
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thiamine

[thahy-uh-min, -meen]
noun Biochemistry.
  1. a white, crystalline, water-soluble compound of the vitamin-B complex, containing a thiazole and a pyrimidine group, C12H17ClN4OS, essential for normal functioning of the nervous system, a deficiency of which results chiefly in beriberi and other nerve disorders: occurring in many natural sources, as green peas, liver, and especially the seed coats of cereal grains, the commercial product of which is chiefly synthesized in the form of its chloride (thiamine chloride or thiamine hydrochloride) for therapeutic administration, or in nitrate form (thiamine mononitrate) for enriching flour mixes.
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Also thi·a·min [thahy-uh-min] /ˈθaɪ ə mɪn/.

Origin of thiamine

First recorded in 1905–10; thi- + amine
Also called vitamin B1, aneurin, aneurine.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for thiamine mononitrate

thiamine

thiamin (ˈθaɪəmɪn)

noun
  1. biochem a soluble white crystalline vitamin that occurs in the outer coat of rice and other grains. It forms part of the vitamin B complex and is essential for carbohydrate metabolism: deficiency leads to nervous disorders and to the disease beriberi. Formula: C 12 H 17 ON 4 SCl.H 2 OAlso: vitamin B 1, aneurin
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Word Origin

C20: thio- + (vit) amin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

thiamine mononitrate in Medicine

thiamine

(thīə-mĭn, -mēn′)
n.
  1. A vitamin of the vitamin B complex, found in meat, yeast, and the bran coat of grains, and necessary for carbohydrate metabolism and normal neural activity.vitamin B1
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

thiamine mononitrate in Science

thiamine

[thīə-mĭn]
  1. A water-soluble pyrimidine derivative belonging to the vitamin B complex that is important in carbohydrate metabolism and normal activity of the nervous system. It is found in pork, organ meats, whole grain cereals, legumes, and nuts. Deficiency of thiamine in the diet results in beriberi. Also called vitamin B1. Chemical formula: C12H17ClN4OS.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.