• synonyms


noun, plural tib·i·ae [tib-ee-ee] /ˈtɪb iˌi/, tib·i·as.
  1. Anatomy. the inner of the two bones of the leg, that extend from the knee to the ankle and articulate with the femur and the talus; shinbone.
  2. Zoology.
    1. a corresponding bone in a horse or other hoofed quadruped, extending from the stifle to the hock.
    2. (in insects) the fourth segment of the leg, between the femur and tarsus.
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Origin of tibia

First recorded in 1685–95, tibia is from the Latin word tībia literally, reed pipe
Related formstib·i·al, adjectivepost·tib·i·al, adjectivepre·tib·i·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for tibiae

tibia, shank, shinbone, crus, cnemis

Examples from the Web for tibiae

Historical Examples of tibiae

  • In the second burial most of the two tibiae and parts of both femora remained, their position strongly suggesting flexure.

    The Topanga Culture Final Report on Excavations, 1948

    A. E. Treganza

  • Under the stimulus of a straw, I see her legs move a little, especially the lower joints, the tibiae and tarsi.

    More Hunting Wasps

    J. Henri Fabre

  • Tibiae, feet and the femoral patagium reddish marbled with white.

  • The skeleton is complete down to the distal ends of the tibiae; the more distal bones are in the skin.

    American Weasels

    E. Raymond Hall

  • The bulk of the dissociated bone consisted of tibiae or femora.

British Dictionary definitions for tibiae


noun plural tibiae (ˈtɪbɪˌiː) or tibias
  1. Also called: shinbone the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankleCompare fibula
  2. the corresponding bone in other vertebrates
  3. the fourth segment of an insect's leg, lying between the femur and the tarsus
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Derived Formstibial, adjective

Word Origin for tibia

C16: from Latin: leg, pipe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tibiae



lower leg bone, 1726, from Latin tibia "shinbone," also "pipe, flute," in which sense it originally came into English (1540s). Of unknown origin. The Latin plural is tibiæ.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

tibiae in Medicine


n. pl. tib•i•as
  1. The inner and larger of the two bones of the lower leg, extending from the knee to the ankle, and articulating with the femur, fibula, and talus.shinbone
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Related formstibi•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

tibiae in Science


  1. The larger of the two bones of the lower leg or lower portion of the hind leg. See more at skeleton.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.