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topography

[ tuh-pog-ruh-fee ]
/ təˈpɒg rə fi /
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See synonyms for: topography / topographical on Thesaurus.com

noun, plural to·pog·ra·phies.
the detailed mapping or charting of the features of a relatively small area, district, or locality.
the detailed description, especially by means of surveying, of particular localities, as cities, towns, or estates.
the relief features or surface configuration of an area.
the features, relations, or configuration of a structural entity.
a schema of a structural entity, as of the mind, a field of study, or society, reflecting a division into distinct areas having a specific relation or a specific position relative to one another.
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Origin of topography

First recorded in 1400–50; late Middle English topographye, from Late Latin topographia, from Greek topographía; see topo-, -graphy

OTHER WORDS FROM topography

top·o·graph·ic [top-uh-graf-ik], /ˌtɒp əˈgræf ɪk/, top·o·graph·i·cal, adjective

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH topography

topography , typography
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use topography in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for topography

topography
/ (təˈpɒɡrəfɪ) /

noun plural -phies
the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region
the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region
the land forms or surface configuration of a region
the surveying of a region's surface features
the study or description of the configuration of any object

Derived forms of topography

topographer, nountopographic (ˌtɒpəˈɡræfɪk) or topographical, adjectivetopographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for topography

topography
[ tə-pŏgrə-fē ]

The three-dimensional arrangement of physical attributes (such as shape, height, and depth) of a land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water. Human-made features such as roads, railroads, and landfills are also often considered part of a region's topography.
The detailed description or drawing of the physical features of a place or region, especially in the form of contour maps.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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