trachoma

[ truh-koh-muh ]
/ trəˈkoʊ mə /
|

noun Ophthalmology.

a chronic, contagious infection of the conjunctiva and cornea, characterized by the formation of granulations and scarring and caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

Origin of trachoma

1685–95; < Greek trā́chōma roughness, equivalent to trāch(ýs) rough + -ōma -oma
Related formstra·chom·a·tous [truh-kom-uh-tuh s, -koh-muh-] /trəˈkɒm ə təs, -ˈkoʊ mə-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for trachoma

British Dictionary definitions for trachoma

trachoma

/ (trəˈkəʊmə) /

noun

a chronic contagious disease of the eye characterized by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea and the formation of scar tissue, caused by infection with the virus-like bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis
Derived Formstrachomatous (trəˈkɒmətəs, -ˈkəʊ-), adjective

Word Origin for trachoma

C17: from New Latin, from Greek trakhōma roughness, from trakhus rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for trachoma

trachoma


n.

1690s, from Modern Latin trachoma, from Greek trakhoma "roughness," from trakhys "rough."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for trachoma

trachoma

[ trə-kōmə ]

n.

A contagious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and marked by inflammation, hypertrophy, and formation of granules of adenoid tissue. It is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa.contagious granular conjunctivitis Egyptian ophthalmia granular conjunctivitis granular ophthalmia
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for trachoma

trachoma

[ trə-kōmə ]

A contagious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and characterized by granules of inflammatory tissue. It is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.