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tribune1

[trib-yoon, trih-byoon]
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noun
  1. a person who upholds or defends the rights of the people.
  2. Roman History.
    1. any of various administrative officers, especially one of 10 officers elected to protect the interests and rights of the plebeians from the patricians.
    2. any of the six officers of a legion who rotated in commanding the legion during the year.
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Origin of tribune1

1325–75; Middle English < Latin tribūnus, derivative of tribus tribe
Related formstrib·une·ship, nountrib·u·ni·tial, trib·u·ni·cial [trib-yuh-nish-uh l] /ˌtrɪb yəˈnɪʃ əl/, adjective

tribune2

[trib-yoon, trih-byoon]
noun
  1. a raised platform for a speaker; a dais, rostrum, or pulpit.
  2. a raised part, or gallery, with seats, as in a church.
  3. (in a Christian basilica) the bishop's throne, occupying a recess or apse.
  4. the apse itself.
  5. tribunal(def 3).
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Origin of tribune2

1635–45; < Medieval Latin tribūna; replacing Latin tribūnāle tribunal
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for tribune

tribune1

noun
  1. (in ancient Rome)
    1. an officer elected by the plebs to protect their interests. Originally there were two of these officers but finally there were ten
    2. a senior military officer
  2. a person or institution that upholds public rights; champion
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Derived Formstribunary, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Latin tribunus, probably from tribus tribe

tribune2

noun
    1. the apse of a Christian basilica that contains the bishop's throne
    2. the throne itself
  1. a gallery or raised area in a church
  2. rare a raised platform from which a speaker may address an audience; dais
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Word Origin

C17: via French from Italian tribuna, from Medieval Latin tribūna, variant of Latin tribūnal tribunal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tribune

n.

late 14c., title of an official in ancient Rome, from Latin tribunus "magistrate" (specifically one of the officers appointed to protect the rights and interests of the plebeians from the patricians), originally "head of a tribe," from tribus (see tribe). The meaning "raised platform" is 1762, from Italian, from Latin tribunal "platform for the seats of magistrates in ancient Rome."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper