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turbot

[tur-buh t]
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noun, plural (especially collectively) tur·bot, (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) tur·bots.
  1. a European flatfish, Psetta maxima, having a diamond-shaped body: valued as a food fish.
  2. any of several other flatfishes.
  3. a triggerfish.
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Origin of turbot

1250–1300; Middle English turbut < Anglo-French; Old French tourbot < Medieval Latin turb(ō) turbot (Latin: top; apparently applied to the fish because of its outline; see turbine, turbit) + Old French -ot noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for turbot

turbot

noun plural -bot or -bots
  1. a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae . It is highly valued as a food fish
  2. any of various similar or related fishes
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French tourbot, from Medieval Latin turbō, from Latin: spinning top, from a fancied similarity in shape; see turbit, turbine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for turbot

n.

"large flat fish," c.1300, from Old French turbut (12c.), probably from a Scandinavian source (cf. Old Swedish törnbut, from törn "thorn" + but "flatfish;" see halibut). But OED says of uncertain origin and speculates on a connection to Latin turbo "spinning top."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper