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typology

[tahy-pol-uh-jee]
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noun
  1. the doctrine or study of types or prefigurative symbols, especially in scriptural literature.
  2. a systematic classification or study of types.
  3. symbolism.
  4. Linguistics. the study and classification of languages according to structural features, especially patterns of phonology, morphology, and syntax, without reference to their histories.
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Origin of typology

First recorded in 1835–45; typo- + -logy
Related formsty·po·log·i·cal [tahy-puh-loj-i-kuh l] /ˌtaɪ pəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl/, ty·po·log·ic, adjectivety·po·log·i·cal·ly, adverbty·pol·o·gist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for typological

typology

noun
  1. mainly Christian theol the doctrine or study of types or of the correspondence between them and the realities which they typify
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Derived Formstypological (ˌtaɪpəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) or typologic, adjectivetypologically, adverbtypologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for typological

typology

n.

1845, from Greek typos (see type (n.)) + -ology.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper