upsilon

[ yoop-suh-lon, -luh n, uhp-; especially British yoop-sahy-luh n ]
/ ˈyup səˌlɒn, -lən, ˈʌp-; especially British yupˈsaɪ lən /

noun

the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet (Υ, υ).
the vowel sound represented by this letter.
Also called upsilon particle. Physics. any of a family of heavy, short-lived, neutral mesons that are composed of a bottom quark and its antiquark. Symbol: Υ, υ

Nearby words

  1. upside,
  2. upside down,
  3. upside the head,
  4. upside-down cake,
  5. upsides,
  6. upsilon particle,
  7. upsize,
  8. upskill,
  9. upsmanship,
  10. upspin

Origin of upsilon

1615–25; < Late Greek ŷ psīlón literally, simple u (to distinguish it from the digraph oi, pronounced the same in LGk)

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon

/ (ˈʌpsɪˌlɒn, juːpˈsaɪlən) /

noun

the 20th letter in the Greek alphabet (Υ, υ), a vowel, transliterated as y or u

Word Origin for upsilon

C17: from Medieval Greek u psilon simple u, name adopted for graphic u to avoid confusion with graphic oi, since pronunciation was the same for both in Late Greek

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for upsilon particle

upsilon

"20th letter of the Greek alphabet," 1640s, from Greek u psilon, literally "a mere (or bare) 'u;' " so called in contradistinction to the diphthongs -oi-, -ei-, which are pronounced exactly like upsilon.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon

n.

The 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon particle

[ ŭpsə-lŏn′, yōōp- ]

An electrically neutral meson having a mass 18,513 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 8.0 X 10-20 seconds. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.