upsilon

[ yoop-suh-lon, -luh n, uhp-; especially British yoop-sahy-luh n ]
/ ˈyup səˌlɒn, -lən, ˈʌp-; especially British yupˈsaɪ lən /

noun

the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet (Υ, υ).
the vowel sound represented by this letter.
Also called upsilon particle. Physics. any of a family of heavy, short-lived, neutral mesons that are composed of a bottom quark and its antiquark. Symbol: Υ, υ

Origin of upsilon

1615–25; < Late Greek ŷ psīlón literally, simple u (to distinguish it from the digraph oi, pronounced the same in LGk)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon

/ (ˈʌpsɪˌlɒn, juːpˈsaɪlən) /

noun

the 20th letter in the Greek alphabet (Υ, υ), a vowel, transliterated as y or u

Word Origin for upsilon

C17: from Medieval Greek u psilon simple u, name adopted for graphic u to avoid confusion with graphic oi, since pronunciation was the same for both in Late Greek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon


n.

The 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for upsilon particle

upsilon particle

[ ŭpsə-lŏn′, yōōp- ]

An electrically neutral meson having a mass 18,513 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 8.0 X 10-20 seconds. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.