Gilbert

[ gil-bert ]
/ ˈgɪl bərt /

noun

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British Dictionary definitions for william gilbert (1 of 2)

gilbert

/ (ˈɡɪlbət) /

noun

a unit of magnetomotive force; the magnetomotive force resulting from the passage of 4π abamperes through one turn of a coil. 1 gilbert is equivalent to 10/4 π = 0.795 775 ampere-turnSymbols: Gb, Gi

Word Origin for gilbert

C19: named after William Gilbert (1540–1603), English physician and physicist

British Dictionary definitions for william gilbert (2 of 2)

Gilbert

/ (ˈɡɪlbət) /

noun

Grove Karl. 1843–1918, US geologist who pioneered the study of river development and valley erosion
Sir Humphrey. ?1539–83, English navigator: founded the colony at St John's, Newfoundland (1583)
William. 1540–1603, English physician and physicist, noted for his study of terrestrial magnetism in De Magnete (1600)
Sir W (illiam) S (chwenck). 1836–1911, English dramatist, humorist, and librettist. He collaborated (1871–96) with Arthur Sullivan on the famous series of comic operettas, including The Pirates of Penzance (1879), Iolanthe (1882), and The Mikado (1885)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for william gilbert

Gilbert


masc. proper name, from Old French Guillebert (from Old High German Williberht, literally "a bright will") or Old French Gilebert, from Gisilbert, literally "a bright pledge," from Old High German gisil "pledge," a Celtic loan-word (cf. Old Irish giall "pledge") + beorht "bright" (see Albert). It was the common name for a male cat (especially in short form Gib) from c.1400 (see Tom). As a unit of magneto-motive force, it honors English physicist William Gilbert (1544-1603).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for william gilbert

Gilbert

[ gĭlbərt ]
Walter Born 1932

American biologist. He shared a 1980 Nobel Prize for developing methods of mapping the structure and function of DNA.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for william gilbert (1 of 2)

Gilbert

William 1544-1603

English court physician and physicist whose book De Magnete (1600) was the first comprehensive scientific work published in England. Gilbert demonstrated that the Earth itself is a magnet, with lines of force running between the North and South Poles. He theorized that magnetism and electricity were two types of a single force and was the first to use the words electricity and magnetic pole.

Science definitions for william gilbert (2 of 2)

Gilbert

[ gĭlbərt ]
Walter Born 1932

American biologist who, building upon the work of Frederick Sanger, formulated a method for determining the sequence of bases in DNA that made it possible to manufacture genetic materials in the laboratory. For this work he shared with Sanger and American biologist Paul Berg the 1980 Nobel Prize for chemistry.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.