withhold

[with-hohld, with-]
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verb (used with object), with·held, with·hold·ing.
  1. to hold back; restrain or check.
  2. to refrain from giving or granting: to withhold payment.
  3. to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
  4. to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), with·held, with·hold·ing.
  1. to hold back; refrain.
  2. to deduct withholding tax.

Origin of withhold

First recorded in 1150–1200, withhold is from the Middle English word withholden. See with-, hold1
Related formswith·hold·er, nounun·with·held, adjective

Synonyms for withhold

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1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.

Antonyms for withhold

1, 2. advance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for withheld

hidden, restrained, confidential, secret

Examples from the Web for withheld

Contemporary Examples of withheld

Historical Examples of withheld


British Dictionary definitions for withheld

withhold

verb -holds, -holding or -held
  1. (tr) to keep back; refrain from givinghe withheld his permission
  2. (tr) to hold back; restrain
  3. (tr) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
  4. (intr usually foll by from) to refrain or forbear
Derived Formswithholder, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for withheld

withhold

v.

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of Latin retinere "to withhold." Related: Withheld; withholding. Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper