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[zan-uh-doo, -dyoo]
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  1. a place of great beauty, luxury, and contentment.
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Origin of Xanadu

S.T. Coleridge's modification, in the poem “Kubla Khan” (1797), of Xandu (17th century spelling), modern Shangtu, the site of Kublai Khan's summer residence in SE Mongolia
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Word Origin and History for xanadu


Mongol city founded by Kublai Khan, 1620s, anglicized form of Shang-tu. Sense of "dream place of magnificence and luxury" derives from Coleridge's poem (1816).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper