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oralism vs. manualism

[ awr-uh-liz-uhm, ohr- ]
  1. the theory, practice, or advocacy of education for the Deaf chiefly or exclusively through lipreading, training in speech production, and training of residual hearing.
[ man-yoo-uh-liz-uhm ]
  1. the theory or practice of education for the Deaf employing and promoting the use of sign language as the primary means of communication.

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