Is it “my friends and I,” or “my friends and me?” I is a subject pronoun, and me is an object pronoun. This means I can be used as the subject of a sentence, and me can only be used as the object of one. I can perform an action, while me can only have actions performed upon it.
Subject vs. Object Pronouns
A subject pronoun can replace the noun (person, place, or thing) that’s performing the action (or verb) in any sentence. I is most often used as the subject of a verb. I can do things. You can say things like “I ran” or “I sneezed.”
An object pronoun may replace a sentence’s direct object (the noun that’s having the action done to it). The object pronoun me is typically used as the direct or indirect object of a sentence. It receives the action of the verb or shows the result of the action. So you shouldn’t really say “Me ran.” You can say “My dog ran to me,” because in this case me is receiving the action of the dog running.
Appositive Pronoun Use
I and me can also be used as appositives. An appositive is a noun or pronoun that renames another noun that’s just been mentioned. For example: “The book club (Benny, Megan, and I) shared insights on the reading.” I is an appositive renaming the subject club. Since club is the subject of the sentence, the appositive also needs to be in subject form.
By contrast, in the sentence “The drama was assigned to our group (Veronica, Thomas, and me),” me is an appositive of the noun group. Group is the object of the preposition to. Because group is the object, we need to use the object pronoun, me.
A compound noun phrase is when a noun modifies or describes another noun. To decide which pronoun to use in a compound noun phrase, try ignoring the first half of the phrase, and just focus on the pronoun. For example: “Jennifer and I researched Harper Lee for class.” How do you know whether to use I or me here? First, ignore Jennifer and. Consider each pronoun individually. Is “I researched” or “me researched” correct? The answer is “I researched.” So I is the right pronoun to use in this case.