a person who loves or collects books, especially as examples of fine or unusual printing, binding, or the like.
Bibliophile “a person who loves or collects books” is a compound of the combining forms biblio- “book” and -phile “lover.” The form biblio- is adapted from Ancient Greek biblíon “papyrus roll, strip of papyrus,” which is the namesake of Býblos, the Greek name for the Phoenician seaport of Gebal (or Gubal), where papyrus was once manufactured and exported. Byblos still exists today in modern Lebanon, albeit with the name Jbeil (standard Arabic Jubayl). One theory about the origin of the name Býblos is that it resulted from Ancient Greek traders’ misinterpretation of the name Gebal, but some linguists argue that these two names are unrelated and that Býblos is of pre-Greek origin. Though books have long been a primary mode for recording and transmitting information, the origin of the Ancient Greek word for “book” is uncertain—how ironic! Bibliophile was first recorded in English circa 1820.
People have always collected things. Whether a vestige of our hunter-gatherer days, a need to forge order amid chaos, or a simple desire to have and to hold, the urge to possess is a hallmark of the human psyche …. In 1869 the bibliophile Sir Thomas Phillipps said he needed “to have one copy of every book in the world.” His final tally (50,000 books, perhaps 100,000 manuscripts) wasn’t bad. Or close.
In the imaginary encounter that the narrator has in Baghdad with a strange character who’s a bookseller in the famed al-Mutanabi Street in downtown Baghdad (where old, rare and new books are sold) he meets this strange bibliophile who has this project of documenting everything that the war destroys minute-by-minute—and not just human beings, but objects and trees and animals and so on and so forth. And that’s the kernel of the book.
gradually increasing in speed.
Accelerando “gradually increasing in speed” is a borrowing from Italian, in which the word means “accelerating,” and derives from Latin accelerāre “to speed up.” In Italian, the suffixes -ando and -endo are used to mark gerunds, which are the form of a verb that is treated as a noun or an adverb. In English, we use -ing to mark gerunds in sentences such as “I like singing”; here, singing is still a verb, but it acts as though it is a noun (and the object of the verb like). Many words borrowed from Italian that end in -ando or -endo function as gerunds in the Italian language, from accelerando “accelerating” to crescendo “growing.” These gerund endings appear as well in terms from other Romance languages such as glissando “sliding” (which is based on the French verb glisser “to slide”) and innuendo “signaling” (from Latin innuere “to signal”). Accelerando was first recorded in English circa 1840.
The musical directive “accelerando” means what it looks like it ought to: Play faster. It lends its name to the new trio album from composer and pianist Vijay Iyer, and to its ninth track, where the tempo speeds up, resets, speeds up, resets, speeds up, resets, and so forth. The result is a sort of hypnosis; your brain may not be able to precisely enumerate the arithmetic of it all, but your head figures out how to nod to the constantly changing pulse.
Violin virtuoso Vanessa Mae’s Winter Olympic debut was more lento than presto on Tuesday, her rhythm more rallentando than accelerando as she completed the first leg of the Alpine skiing giant slalom. At the finish, the smile on her face suggested the mood was definitely allegro.
derived from the name of a mother or other female ancestor.
Metronymic “derived from the name of a mother” is an adaptation of the Ancient Greek term mētrōnymikós “named after one’s mother,” which is equivalent to mḗtēr (stem mētr-) “mother” and -ōnymos “having the kind of name specified,” plus the adjectival suffix -ikos. A common variant of metronymic is matronymic, and because both terms are widely accepted, the decision of which to use is yours to make. Do you preserve the original Ancient Greek stem metr-, or do you opt for its more popular Latin cognate stem, matr-? The male equivalent of metronymic (and matronymic), meaning “derived from the name of a father,” is patronymic. Because the Ancient Greek and Latin stems meaning “father” are both patr-, however, patronymic is the only option for paternal namesakes. Metronymic was first recorded in English in the late 1860s.
Matrilineal cultures are more likely to use metronyms. One example of these are the Lobi of Burkina Faso and Cote d’Ivoire, where children receive at birth a metronymic surname that establishes kinship with their mother .… These names are given to children of both sexes, but whereas the daughters pass the name on, the sons do not have such a privilege.
There are currently over 1 million last names in Italy …. Most surnames are born from four general categories: personal names, nicknames, places, and occupations. The most common origin is the personal surname that comes from the name of an ancestor, such as a father or grandfather. These are known as patronymic surnames, but some could be metronymic, meaning that they come from a female ancestor.
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