Word of the Day

Word of the day

Sunday, December 20, 2020

snuggery

[ snuhg-uh-ree ]

noun

British.

a comfortable or cozy room.

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What is the origin of snuggery?

Snuggery “a comfortable, cozy room” is a transparent derivative of the adjective snug “comfortably warm and cozy,” as in Clement Clarke Moore’s A Visit from St. Nicholas (1823), “The children were nestled all snug in their beds, / While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads.” The origin of snug is uncertain: it may be of Scandinavian origin, related to Old Norse snøggr “short, short-haired, sudden, brief,” Old Danish snøg, and Swedish snygg, both meaning “neat, trim, tidy.” Snuggery entered English in the first half of the 19th century.

how is snuggery used?

On the top of the house was a snuggery, into which he retired when he wanted to be entirely alone, and this he called his Syracuse, or workshop.

Sabine Baring-Gould, The Tragedy of the Caesars, 1892

No wonder, then, that Phra-Alack experienced an access of gratitude for the privilege of napping for two hours in a snuggery of sunshine.

Anna Leonowens, "The English Governess at the Siamese Court," The Atlantic, April 1870

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Saturday, December 19, 2020

cordate

[ kawr-deyt ]

adjective

heart-shaped.

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What is the origin of cordate?

Cordate, now used only in botany and biology in the meaning “heart-shaped,” comes from the Latin adjective cordātus “intelligent, sensible,” a derivative of the noun cor (inflectional stem cord-) “the heart” (the organ, also considered the seat of one’s conscience, will, and emotions). In English the senses “intelligent, prudent” became obsolete during the first half of the 18th century; Latin cordātus never had any biological senses. Cordate in the sense “intelligent, prudent” entered English in the mid-17th century; its modern sense in the second half of the 18th century.

how is cordate used?

He also wrote, at 15, his first poem after seeing a raindrop cause a cordate leaf to flutter.

Alden Whitman, "Vladimir Nabokov, Author of 'Lolita' and 'Ada,' Is Dead," New York Times, July 5, 1977

Its leaves are variable in shape, as are those of most ivies, but generally cordate, or heart-shaped, and very dark green, larger than the Irish ivy, which is the ivy you see most often in Washington.

Henry Mitchell, "Getting Down to Steel and Stem," Washington Post, December 11, 1988

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Friday, December 18, 2020

eleemosynary

[ el-uh-mos-uh-ner-ee, -moz-, el-ee-uh- ]

adjective

of or relating to alms, charity, or charitable donations; charitable.

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What is the origin of eleemosynary?

Eleemosynary “relating to alms or almsgiving” comes from the Medieval Latin adjective eleēmosynārius, a derivative of the Late Latin noun eleēmosyna “alms,” used by Christian Latin authors (Tertullian, St. Augustine of Hippo). Latin eleēmosyna is a borrowing from Greek eleēmosýnē “pity, mercy, compassion” (and “alms” in the Greek Septuagint and Latin Vulgate), a derivative of the adjective ele(e)inós “rousing compassion.” The Greek forms derive from the noun éleos “pity, compassion,” from which Greek forms the verb eleeîn “to pity, have pity on, feel pity for.” The second singular active aorist imperative, eléēson, as in the phrase from the Christian liturgy (in Latin transcription representing the Late Greek pronunciation) Kyrie eleison, Christe eleison “Lord, have mercy; Christ, have mercy” will be familiar to those who like to listen to or take part in musical settings of the Latin Mass. Eleemosynary entered English in the first half of the 17th century.

how is eleemosynary used?

It would be fair enough to call Cornelia a power for good. I shared an apartment in New York with her the year before she was married, and I haven’t done so many eleemosynary acts in the whole rest of my life as I did during that time.

Eleanor Gilchrist, "Poor Darling," The New Yorker, February 5, 1944

When a church collects money to then redistribute to the poor in its neighborhood, it performs an eleemosynary function.

Ray Hennessey, "Why Milton Friedman Could Love Social Entrepreneurship," Entrepreneur, September 16, 2013

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