Word of the Day

Wednesday, February 06, 2019

temerity

[ tuh-mer-i-tee ]

noun

reckless boldness; rashness.

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What is the origin of temerity?

Temerity ultimately comes from the Latin noun temeritās (inflectional stem temeritāt-) “rashness, recklessness, thoughtlessness.” The Latin noun is a derivative of the adverb temerē (with the same meanings), and temerē in form is a fossil form of an assumed noun temus (stem temer-) “darkness” and meant “in the dark, blindly.” The Latin forms come from a Proto-Indo-European root teme- “dark,” with a suffixed noun form temesra “darkness.” Temesra in Latin becomes tenebrae (plural noun) “darkness” (source of tenebrous). The Latin name for the River Thames is Tamesis (Tamesa), adapted from a local Celtic language in which Tamesas means “dark river.” Temerity entered English in the 15th century.

how is temerity used?

… he was taken aback by skeptical reviews that had the temerity to question his research methods or his conclusions.

Jennifer Szalai, "Steven Pinker Wants You to Know Humanity Is Doing Fine. Just Don't Ask About Individual Humans." New York Times, February 28, 2018

The guys off the docks at the port who came in looking for engagement rings and wedding rings for their girlfriends would sometimes have the temerity to take the salesgirl’s hand in order to examine the stone up close.

Philip Roth, Everyman, 2006
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Tuesday, February 05, 2019

hoggery

[ haw-guh-ree, hog-uh- ]

noun

slovenly or greedy behavior.

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What is the origin of hoggery?

Hoggery in its original (and still current) sense means “a place where hogs are kept.” The sense “swinish behavior, piggishness, greediness” dates from the 19th century. The latter sense is close to the Yiddish chazerei “piggery, filth, junk food, junk,” ultimately derived from Hebrew ḥazīr “pig.” Hoggery entered English in the 17th century.

how is hoggery used?

The culprits behind such acts of beach hoggery are said to range from unscrupulous umbrella operators hoping to bilk tourists, to eager sun seekers reserving space for friends and relatives.

Barry Neild, "Italy fines tourists who hog beach spots," CNN, August 9, 2016

Harry, this is game-hoggery of the worst kind. It has got to stop. I’m going to write my congressman.

Durward L. Allen, "Fifty Million Bunnies," Boys' Life, October 1960
Monday, February 04, 2019

rigmarole

[ rig-muh-rohl ]

noun

an elaborate or complicated procedure: to go through the rigmarole of a formal dinner.

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What is the origin of rigmarole?

Rigmarole, with many variant spellings in the 18th century, is probably a reduction of ragman roll, a long catalog or list, a sense dating from the early 16th century. In Middle English ragmane rolle was a roll or scroll of writing used in a game of chance in which players draw out an item hidden in the roll. This game of chance possibly arose from Ragemon le bon (Rageman the Good), an Anglo-French poem. The sense “confused, incoherent, foolish, or meaningless talk” dates from the 18th century; the sense “elaborate or complicated procedure” dates from the 19th.

how is rigmarole used?

He said he had a shack in Mill City and I would have all the time in the world to write there while we went through the rigmarole of getting the ship.

Jack Kerouac, On the Road, 1957

At the station, I went through the rigmarole of implied consent and told Father Grady I wanted him to take a Breathalyzer test.

Jodi Picoult, Handle with Care, 2009

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