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Word of the Day
Friday, April 22, 2016

Definitions for biota

  1. Ecology. the animals, plants, fungi, etc., of a region or period.

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Citations for biota
The author, like many other writers on similar subjects, has felt the need of a comprehensive term to include both fauna and flora which will not only designate the total of animal plant life of a given region or period, but also any treatise upon the animals and plants of any geographical area or geological period. As such a term I would suggest Biota, not only because its original significance covers the above definition, but also because of its brevity and obvious relationship to the term "Biology" as embracing Zoology and Botany. Leonhard Stejneger, "Scharff's History of the European Fauna," The American Naturalist, No. 410, February 1901
Often purposefully and just as often not, humans have rearranged the earth's biota, transporting the flora and fauna of Asia to the Americas and of the Americas to Europe and of Europe to Australia. Elizabeth Kolbert, The Sixth Extinction, 2014
Origin of biota
Biota finds its roots in the Greek biotḗ meaning "life." It entered English in the early 1900s.