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Word of the Day
Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Definitions for estival

  1. pertaining or appropriate to summer.

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Citations for estival
Yet sometimes it is of such a tall growth as doth surpass the length of a lance, but that is only when it meeteth with a sweet, easy, warm, wet, and well-soaked soil ... and that it want not for rain enough about the season of the fishers' holidays and the estival solstice. Francois Rabelais, Gargantua and Pantagruel, Book III, translated by Thomas Urquhart, 1693
Water and ice go to extremes in estival New York. Water consumption in summer averages 1.6 billion gallons a day, as against 1.2 billion in winter ... Richard F. Shepard, "Despite the Heat Summer in the City Has Always Been An Outdoor Affair," New York Times, July 8, 1990
Origin of estival
Estival ultimately comes from the Latin adjective aestivālis “summerlike, of summer.” Aestivālis is a derivation of the Latin noun aestās “the hot season, summer” and comes from the Proto-Indo-European root ai- “to burn,” the same source as the Latin noun aestus “boiling, waving, billowy motion, surge, tidal action, tide.” From aestus “tide” Latin forms the noun aestuārium “tidal channel,” whence English estuary, a long semantic journey from the heat of summer. Estival entered English in the 14th century.
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