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Word of the Day
Sunday, December 24, 2017

Definitions for propine

  1. Scot. to offer as a present.
  2. Scot. a present; gift.

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Citations for propine
A rich present they did to her propine / A costly cup, that large thing would contain. William Dunbar, "The Queen's Reception at Aberdeen," 1511
... he made them great banquetting and merriness; and also propined them with great gifts, that he might the better pacify their wrath towards him, and obtain their favour. C. J. Lyon, History of St. Andrews, Episcopal, Monastic, Academic, and Civil, 1843
Origin of propine
late Middle English
1400-1450
The English verb and noun propine comes via French from the Latin verb propīnāre “to drink to one’s health, pledge one’s health.” Considering the convivial and colloquial meaning of propīnāre, it is not surprising that it first occurs in the comedies of Plautus (c254–c184 b.c.) and Terence (c190–159? b.c.). Greek supplies many colloquial, even casual words to Latin in addition to learned and technical vocabulary, and propīnāre is one of them. It is a direct borrowing of Greek propī́nein, literally “to drink first, drink up, drink to one’s health, pledge one’s health” (as in Latin). Propine entered English in the 15th century.