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absolutism

[ab-suh-loo-tiz-uh m] /ˈæb sə luˌtɪz əm/
noun
1.
the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government.
2.
any theory holding that values, principles, etc., are absolute and not relative, dependent, or changeable.
Origin of absolutism
1745-1755
1745-55
Related forms
absolutist, noun, adjective
absolutistic, adjective
absolutistically, adverb
nonabsolutist, noun
nonabsolutistic, adjective
nonabsolutistically, adverb
proabsolutism, noun
proabsolutist, adjective, noun
Synonyms
1. totalitarianism.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for absolutists
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But absolutists like Rickert freely admit the sterility of the notion, even in their own hands.

    The Meaning of Truth William James
  • Interpenetration and co-operation may supply the place of the metaphysical unity at which the absolutists aim.

    Nature Mysticism J. Edward Mercer
  • They were fighting for unconditional restoration, and both as invaders and as absolutists the king was their accomplice.

    Lectures on the French Revolution John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
  • Both thinkers are absolutists in principle, though Hobbes gives to a monarch the power which Bentham gives to a democracy.

  • It is probably this last notion that, consciously or unconsciously, weighs most in the psychology of the absolutists creed.

    The Behavior of Crowds Everett Dean Martin
  • The absolutists on the other hand hoped that the king might by procrastination avoid the separation of the crowns.

  • The Ritualists were absolutists in their political views and accepted the King's intervention in church matters.

British Dictionary definitions for absolutists

absolutism

/ˈæbsəluːˌtɪzəm/
noun
1.
the principle or practice of a political system in which unrestricted power is vested in a monarch, dictator, etc; despotism
2.
(philosophy)
  1. any theory which holds that truth or moral or aesthetic value is absolute and universal and not relative to individual or social differences Compare relativism
  2. the doctrine that reality is unitary and unchanging and that change and diversity are mere illusion See also monism (sense 2), pluralism (sense 5b)
3.
(Christianity) an uncompromising form of the doctrine of predestination
Derived Forms
absolutist, noun, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for absolutists

absolutism

n.

1753 in theology; 1830 in politics, in which sense it was first used by British reformer and parliamentarian Maj. Gen. Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783-1869). See absolute and -ism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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