Pavlovian comes from the name of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849–1936), a Russian physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1904.
Pavlov conducted experiments that conditioned animals to associate an arbitrary signal with an event, such as the ringing of a bell and food being served, that brought about an instinctive response, such as salivating when hearing the bell in anticipation of the food.
EXAMPLES OF PAVLOVIAN
The students’ Pavlovian response to the school bell ringing was to pack up their belongings and head to the next class.
The Pavlovian nature of addiction was evident as the individual’s cravings were triggered by certain environmental cues.