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affiance

[uh-fahy-uh ns]
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verb (used with object), af·fi·anced, af·fi·anc·ing.
  1. to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth.
noun Archaic.
  1. a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract.
  2. trust; confidence; reliance.

Origin of affiance

1300–50; Middle English < Middle French afiance, equivalent to afi(er) to pledge faith, declare on oath, betroth (< Medieval Latin affīdāre, equivalent to ad- ad- + *fīdāre, for Latin fīdere to trust; see confide) + -ance -ance
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for affiance

affiance

verb
  1. (tr) to bind (a person or oneself) in a promise of marriage; betroth
noun
  1. archaic a solemn pledge, esp a marriage contract

Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin affīdāre to trust (oneself) to, from fīdāre to trust, from fīdus faithful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for affiance

v.

1520s, "to promise," from Old French afiancier "to pledge, promise, give one's word," from afiance (n.) "confidence, trust," from afier "to trust," from Late Latin affidare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + fidare "to trust," from fidus (see affidavit). From mid-16c. especially "to promise in marriage." Related: Affianced; affiancing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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