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[aht-muh n] /ˈɑt mən/
noun, Hinduism.
the principle of life.
the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
(initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also, atma
[aht-muh] /ˈɑt mə/ (Show IPA)
Origin of atman
1775-85; < Sanskrit ātman breath, self Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for atma
Historical Examples
  • In a frenzy I broke my way through the attendants, and rushed through hall and corridor to my atma's chamber.

  • In Sanscrit that eternal part is called by many names, but the best seems that used in this passage, atma.

    Thoughts on Life and Religion Friedrich Max Mller
  • Are they going to start something now that will get atma in jail?

    Plays Susan Glaspell
British Dictionary definitions for atma


noun (Hinduism)
the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness
Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order
Word Origin
from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for atma



1785, from Sanskrit atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Sanskrit and Germanic, cf. Old English æðm, Dutch adem, Old High German atum "breath," Old English eþian, Dutch ademen "to breathe").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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