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[aht-muh n] /ˈɑt mən/
noun, Hinduism.
the principle of life.
the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
(initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also, atma
[aht-muh] /ˈɑt mə/ (Show IPA)
Origin of atman
First recorded in 1775-85, atman is from the Sanskrit word ātman breath, self Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for atman


noun (Hinduism)
the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness
Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order
Word Origin
from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for atman

1785, from Sanskrit atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Sanskrit and Germanic, cf. Old English æðm, Dutch adem, Old High German atum "breath," Old English eþian, Dutch ademen "to breathe").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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