Gainsborough, though not a chartered borough, was probably one by prescription, for mention is made of burghal tenure in 1280.
But we must keep these ancient boroughs well apart from any royal manors which the king has newly raised to burghal rank.
In Gloucestershire is Gloucester, but Winchcombe also asserts its burghal rank.
Markets are being held and market-tolls are being taken in many vills which are not of burghal rank.
There has come down to us in a sadly degenerate form a document which we shall hereafter call The burghal Hidage.
This is proved by The burghal Hidage of which we spoke above, p. 187, and shall speak again hereafter.