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compensation

[kom-puh n-sey-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the act or state of compensating, as by rewarding someone for service or by making up for someone's loss, damage, or injury by giving the injured party an appropriate benefit.
  2. the state of being compensated or rewarded in this way.
  3. something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity: The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.
  4. Biology. the improvement of any defect by the excessive development or action of another structure or organ of the same structure.
  5. Psychology. a mechanism by which an individual attempts to make up for some real or imagined deficiency of personality or behavior by developing or stressing another aspect of the personality or by substituting a different form of behavior.
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Origin of compensation

1350–1400; Middle English compensacioun < Latin compēnsātiōn- (stem of compēnsātiō), equivalent to compēnsāt(us) (see compensate) + -iōn- -ion
Related formscom·pen·sa·tion·al, adjectivenon·com·pen·sa·tion, nounpre·com·pen·sa·tion, nounpro·com·pen·sa·tion, adjectivesub·com·pen·sa·tion, nounsub·com·pen·sa·tion·al, adjective

Synonyms

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3. recompense, payment, amends, reparation; requital, satisfaction, indemnification.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for compensational

compensation

noun
  1. the act or process of making amends for something
  2. something given as reparation for loss, injury, etc; indemnity
  3. the automatic movements made by the body to maintain balance
  4. the attempt to conceal or offset one's shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
  5. biology abnormal growth and increase in size in one organ in response to the removal or inactivation of another
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Derived Formscompensational, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for compensational

compensation

n.

late 14c., "action of compensating," from Latin compensationem (nominative compensatio) "a weighing one thing against another, a balancing," noun of action from past participle stem of compensare (see compensate). Meaning "what is given in recompense" is from c.1600; meaning "amends for loss or damages" is from 1804; meaning "salary, wages" is attested from 1787, American English. The psychological sense is from 1914.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

compensational in Medicine

compensation

(kŏm′pən-sāshən)
n.
  1. A process in which a tendency for a change in a given direction is counteracted by another change so that the original change is not evident.
  2. An unconscious psychological mechanism by which one tries to make up for imagined or real deficiencies in personality or physical ability.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.