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[kroo-pee-er, -pee-ey; French kroo-pyey] /ˈkru pi ər, -piˌeɪ; French kruˈpyeɪ/
noun, plural croupiers
[kroo-pee-erz, -pee-eyz; French kroo-pyey] /ˈkru pi ərz, -piˌeɪz; French kruˈpyeɪ/ (Show IPA)
an attendant in a gambling casino who rakes in money or chips and pays winners at a gaming table.
an assistant chairperson at a public dinner.
Origin of croupier
1700-10; < French: literally, one who sits behind another on horseback, equivalent to croupe rump (see croup2) + -ier -ier2


[kroo-pee] /ˈkru pi/
adjective, croupier, croupiest.
pertaining to or resembling croup.
affected with croup.
First recorded in 1825-35; croup1 + -y1
Related forms
croupily, adverb
croupiness, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for croupier
Historical Examples
  • Caumartin, the first croupier, shot hisself, and Nogeot go mad.

    Davenport Dunn, Volume 2 (of 2) Charles James Lever
  • And feeling a terrible habitué, he said to the croupier in French: 'Maximum.

    A Great Man Arnold Bennett
  • The croupier shifted his weight, then caught the wheel and spun it savagely.

    Police Your Planet Lester del Rey
  • She spoke angrily to a croupier who delayed handing her some change.

    Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo E. Phillips Oppenheim
  • "The place shall be kept for madame," the croupier whispered.

    Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo E. Phillips Oppenheim
  • Another turn, and that, too, chinked as it fell into the cash-box of the croupier!

    The Quadroon Mayne Reid
  • The croupier pounded three times with a little gavel and said, "103 sub-prime 5."

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • He was shown to a table to the left of the croupier's booth.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • No sign of Steve there; he had to be on the other side of the croupier.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • "Table 111 takes us for a hundred fifty credits," came the croupier's cry.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
British Dictionary definitions for croupier


/ˈkruːpɪə; French krupje/
a person who deals cards, collects bets, etc, at a gaming table
Word Origin
C18: literally: one who rides behind another, from French croupecroup²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for croupier

"one who clears the winnings from the table in gambling," 1731, from French croupier (17c.), originally one who rides behind another, on the croup or "rump" of a horse (a word of Germanic origin); hence extended to any one who backs up another; a "second."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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