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[kroo-pee-er, -pee-ey; French kroo-pyey] /ˈkru pi ər, -piˌeɪ; French kruˈpyeɪ/
noun, plural croupiers
[kroo-pee-erz, -pee-eyz; French kroo-pyey] /ˈkru pi ərz, -piˌeɪz; French kruˈpyeɪ/ (Show IPA)
an attendant in a gambling casino who rakes in money or chips and pays winners at a gaming table.
an assistant chairperson at a public dinner.
Origin of croupier
1700-10; < French: literally, one who sits behind another on horseback, equivalent to croupe rump (see croup2) + -ier -ier2


[kroo-pee] /ˈkru pi/
adjective, croupier, croupiest.
pertaining to or resembling croup.
affected with croup.
First recorded in 1825-35; croup1 + -y1
Related forms
croupily, adverb
croupiness, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for croupier
Historical Examples
  • Fats plucked a sheaf of Martian bank notes from his pocket and tossed them to the croupier.

    Police Your Planet Lester del Rey
  • Another turn, and that, too, chinked as it fell into the cash-box of the croupier!

    The Quadroon Mayne Reid
  • "You have lost your stake, Monsieur," replied the croupier, with politeness.

  • The croupier pounded three times with a little gavel and said, "103 sub-prime 5."

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • The croupier announces, intoning as does a high-church curate, "There is seven hundred and forty pounds in the bank, gentlemen."

  • He was shown to a table to the left of the croupier's booth.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • And the croupier, with a smile, pushed the two fateful cards towards the fair young Englishwoman.

    The Chink in the Armour Marie Belloc Lowndes
  • No sign of Steve there; he had to be on the other side of the croupier.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
  • The croupier shrugged his shoulders, and spun the wheel, with a bored air.

    The Guests Of Hercules C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson
  • "Table 111 takes us for a hundred fifty credits," came the croupier's cry.

    Starman's Quest Robert Silverberg
British Dictionary definitions for croupier


/ˈkruːpɪə; French krupje/
a person who deals cards, collects bets, etc, at a gaming table
Word Origin
C18: literally: one who rides behind another, from French croupecroup²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for croupier

"one who clears the winnings from the table in gambling," 1731, from French croupier (17c.), originally one who rides behind another, on the croup or "rump" of a horse (a word of Germanic origin); hence extended to any one who backs up another; a "second."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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